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Population Geography Lecture- Nov 20.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Joseph Leydon

Population Geography Lecture November 20, 2012 Population Mobility Terminology • Immigration: people arriving in a country • Emigration: people leaving a country • Migration: • Push and pull factors o Push: things pushing people towards immigration and leaving their country o Pull: things pulling people to a certain country Current trends in immigration/emigration from less developed to developed • Wealth/development gap • Information/travel opportunity: in the past immigration used to be a final decision because of the lack of travel opportunities • Most people are immigrating to seek out economic opportunity which is not always for themselves, but mostly for their children Immigration Policy • Gets more selective and restrictive over time • In Canada, we select upon age and pick from younger age groups, second is occupation, third is education, fourth is language skills- those that can contribute in the labour force. Those with more education get more points Immigration as population redistribution, impact on country of origin and country of destination issues • Population redistribution: doesn’t work based on the way we are selecting immigrants • Impacts on country of origin: people leaving their countries leaves serious impacts on the economy- you are losing your young, most educated population and your most innovative population • Labour force/aging population: • Access to labour force, wage levels • Housing and settlement concentration • Correct policy? • Hard for people to get a job because they don’t have Canadian work experience and if they don’t have a job, they can’t get that experience Reaction/opposition to immigration • Cultural issues • Employment competition: idea that immigrants come in and take
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