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October 1-Theories of Population & Population Policies.docx

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Joseph Leydon

October 1, 2012: Theories of Population & Population Policies Concluded Population Growth and Change Understanding Population Change Demographic Transition Model - the model suggests that birth and death rates are independent from each other—it is easier to change the death rate then the birth rate. Applicability of the model - yes the transition is possible—the model is based upon population variables from western Europe - how long: time component is not well varies from location to location. There seems to be this idea that the length of time is reduced—which would be positive, because if we were to apply this model today we would achieve it faster - the significance of technology transfer? Access to markets: if there isn’t a fair markets, there is not any room for advances. Negative aspects - Environment issues—consumption (is there an end?) - with economic development you have greater level of consumptions taking place - the relationship between people and the environment—must be taken into consideration. Lecture 4: Different Views on Population Growth Economic View: population growth is seen as something that is positive, because the relationships—you get more people which leads to more labour—more production more consumption—prices-->a circle cycle takes place. Environmental View: population depends on things that are limited (water, land, etc.) there is a certain carrying capacity that must be aware of. Renewable resources can become limited. This view sees the negative stance—things are limited. Limits are related to the actual physical environment. Theorists Malthus: We have to understand the context: He was English, a economist, and his religious views. He had a theory about how there is a disconnection between your food supply and your population supply. (Population/Food supply equation). Looks at this through the carrying capacity idea. He never recognized the technological changes— industrial revolution. Boserup: Also an economist (agricultural). Post WWII she said there is a relation between food and population—but not the same as Malthus’s view, rather she believes that population growth producesagricultural intensificati
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