Class Notes (807,480)
Canada (492,660)
Geography (944)
GGR100H1 (141)

lecture 2

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Jason Hackworth

Lecture 2 - September 26 - Cities of SouthAmerica - Total population: 374 Million: 81.6 percent urban - Most urbanized countries (Venezuela, Uruguay and Argentina) - Least Urbanized countries (Paraguay, Ecuador, bolivia) slide4 CHART - South america has the highest growth percentage of urban population - It is growing relatively quickly, there is a slowdown but it still better then the other continents Slide 5 - Chart - Every country in south american is at least 50% urbanized - eventhough there are some countries that are least urbanized, their percentage is still high slide 6 - Imporant themes - there is a lot of parents in polarization in south america - cities in particular in south american countries are in debt crisis Understanding the region - Very complicated place - three distinc spheres with a great deal of internal variation: -Andean cities (cities in north west, tmany hese were important, they are centred aruond mountains, they tend to be orthodox spanish, this were pretty established cities during the colonial times. -southern cone cities (ex.argentina, this regions change often, the vibrant cities tend to be like european cities. - Brazil ( it is a vast country, it has as different colonial history, where portugese is spoken there and the influence of city planning, -Important sub-sub-regions here too Important historical moments - Incredible Indegenous urbanization ( the spansiha nd portugese did not arive to civilize the people, the indigenous already had established their cities that still exist till now, before the colonial powers. - Treaty of Tordesillas ( it concentrated which part of the region will be divided between spanish and portugese, - Spanish and Portugese colonial pathways - Laws of the Indies and the enduring Spanish influence ( pertaining the matters with dealing with colonial issues, and also the spanish patters, the central cathedrals and the central square, where other countries and cities duplicated the idea of spanish) - Debt crises Social Mix and Polarization - Region is marked by extreme juxtaposition of wealthy and poor, often alone ethic lines - Important patterns -Afro-Brazilian population in Brazil -Indigenous population throughout the continent but particularly inAndes - Small Euro-elite in most countries (large ones in souther cone) - Mix is often rigidly segregated Informal economy - Regula employment for many of the region’s poor is elusive; many public spaces are dominated by informal retailers - Informal houing is iconic in the region - Depicted in films and part of the regions’image - Dangerous materials, unsanitary conditions, insecure land tenures - Some cities have begun to recognize and regularize such settlements The imagine that many people think of south america, where a vast percentage of poor live in places that lack many things mentioned above. Some cities - have faced many challenges, how do you get infrastructure , ex telephone wires, to the areas, that are difficult to regularize. Generaly speaking the indie city, it is challenging to provide infrasturcutre to this regions, to legally own it. Debt Crisis this all stands from, much of the continent , especialy in the cities, to invest into the infrastructure. One of the efforts, to industrialize, to re-orient the cities, move to more modernized and urbanized c
More Less

Related notes for GGR100H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.