The Mobile World
•When and why did people start moving around the world?
•What have been the main patterns and factors of migration
•How does migration relate to the geography of globalization?
1. Early Migrations
Features and factors in early human migrations
•Over long periods, small numbers
•The search for resources
•Territorial expansion, conquest, invasion and succession
2. Modern migration: factors in decision to migrate
–Economic: poverty, unemployment
–Social: population pressure, class and community conflict, lack of social mobility
–Political: repression, discrimination, genocide,war.
–Environmental: resource depletion, natural disasters, disease.
–Economic: jobs, income and prospects
–Social: social mobility, modern lifestyle, networks, family survival strategy,
remittances, family reunion.
–Political: democracy, human rights, immigration programmes.
–Environmental: land, better living conditions.
Aging, low population growth regions attract people from young, high growth regions.
3. Types of migration
•Short-distance: mainly rural to urban.
•Long distance: inter-regional and international
But also different contexts: •Voluntary – people choosing to migrate
•Forced: slavery, refugees
•Temporary: “guest” or migrant workers – Rachel Ginsburg‟s talk about migrant farm
workers in Ontario is a good example of this.
Migration in rise of industrial capitalism
•Colonialism and diasporas
settler and plantation model, e.g. European settlers in the Americas which also involved
the African slave diaspora to provide labour for the plantation system. Diaspora refers to
the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral
homeland" or "people dispersed by whatever cause to more than one location", or
"people settled far from their ancestral homelands". The word has come to refer to
historical mass-dispersions of people with common roots, parti