GGR342 lecture 8.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR100H1
Professor
Jean- Francois Bissonnette
Semester
Summer

Description
GGR342 lecture 8 -most of raw materials exported would end up at primate cities -primates cities are defined by size: Jakarta Indonesia as example -mainly Chinese, based on diversification, no indigenous ppl * -pseudo-investment, didn't have money for infrastructure, housing etc, instead they invested in symbolic items such as monuments, icons of national identity -pseudo-urbanization * -no clear moment where region became connected to glbaol network -invest in industrial infrastructures and urbanism -designed programs such as free trade -tourism triggered hotel industry, shopping -Singapore * -by mid 1989s most Countries in sea -effort to protect nationalism -Jakarta only focused on modernization and ignoring colonial neighbourhood * -foreign investments are more focused on mega projects, large box office etc * -china= main receiver of direct foreign investment -all these investments reinforce urban primacy in the region >choose primate cities to invest because of easy access to transportation facilities, reliable power supply, access to services such as bank and state also contribute >sometimes governments give benefits to company that invest in non primate cities, but companies often don't because the benefit is much larger when they invest in primate cities * -outcome of rise of middle class is the formation of new towns, suburbanization -in 1980s, influx of global investment, th is an integrated complex of hotels, restaurants, shopping malls and office towers -- create captive ______ where people are able to live there without leaving -gated communities and compounds >built by single promoter, buy one large space of land and build all the above * Industrial -new policy agenda pushed by world bank and IMF -cities are the engine of growth -achieve dependency, no more reliance for foreign technology, knowledge etc - Guest lecture Impressions of Bandung, Indonesia -famous for coffee -Asia Africa conference -textile industry and best educational institutions in the region * storm water management -crazy floods due to usage of colonial pipes -water floods out from the pipes -poor water quality -poor water access -in informal establishments there are no pipes, they have to buy water -not a lot of formal waste collection >a lot of the people burn their garbage -poverty is the greatest polluter- ghandi Public response to challenges -raise awareness -journalistic coverage -community building -flyer bomb campaign -class action law suit where developers were building on land that was signed to be protected - Political and economic backdrop -Thailand used to be called Siam, was independent during colonization history -situated between both French and British colonization, therefore they negotiated for it to be neutral land -British were in charge of thailand's export -both French and British had influence on thailand * The legacies of colonialism -Thailand was influenced by it's leaders/king, which was interested in modernizing it's state -marked beginning of new era in thi
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