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29 Jan 2011
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GGR323 - Development and Population
cost of development
- demographic transition model
- how does it impact people and environment
- not solving relationship between resources and population
- massive development in urbanization and transportation, etc, in countries such as China
- suggesting to countries to engage in economic development - is it right? should they follow
our rate of consumption?
- consumption = energy use increase
- based upon improvement of personal consumption
- do we have right to tell other countries not to consume so much energy?
- we imply our lifestyle is good and everyone else needs to replicate
- need people to consume goods to have capitalism
- pollution is something that cannot be isolated geographically - wind patterns, etc
benefits from globalization
- significant spreading of investment
- spreading benefits through process of globalization - jobs created in other parts of the
world
- increase standard of living (improve) - process of consumption around the world
- types of jobs - based upon low income, low skills
- if based on low income, always have rush to the bottom because people will look for
lower jobs (easier)
- not all jobs have low skill requirement
- India produces largest amount of engineers
- if engineer is working in the states, have to pay them in USD, but if they are kept in
India, pay in Indian currency
- great amount of savings
- these jobs will create a new middle class in these countries
- leads to increase in consumption - not necessarily sustainable
- doesn't translate into universal development - becomes spatially restricted
- most of the development in China occurs along costal areas, etc
- benefits not translated into lives of everyone, only in specific areas
- increase levels of regional inequalities and differences
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- sustainable? maybe not because it generates huge amounts of pollution, leads to
contamination of water supplies, etc
- ultimately, motivation for globalization, is to make money (profit)
table - Mexico
- GDP - measure of size of one's economy
- must consider if it's adjusted for inflation - must be making more than inflation rate
to profit
- ultimate value of the money
- doesn't tell who is benefiting and experiencing level of growth
- tells nothing about distribution - not shared equally
- not everyone benefits from economic development - gap expands
- exports - indicates growth of economy
- more engaged in process of trade
- most of Mexico's exports go to USA - dependent on USA's economy
- think about level of dependence
- per capita - low compared to exports and GDP
- top 10% of economy will have more rapid growth
- remittances - money sent back home .. ?
- much more substantial growth
- mostly low paying jobs
- problem is that it creates phantom economy - creates dependency on money coming
in from outside
- opportunity for population to not work
- what is the money spent on? - consumer goods such as basics (food) and causes prices
of food to rise
- if not getting remittances from outside, cannot afford food
- also spend on unnecessary goods such as expensive clothing, etc
- not producing good productive expenditure
- illegal Mexican immigrants - daily, monthly, movement unknown
- if large portion are illegal, will have low income jobs
- accumulating sufficient money to send back to Mexico
- sees more opportunity in low paying jobs in USA than staying in Mexico
- % Mexican students finishing high school
- < 10% increase despite growing economy, etc
- suggests:
- low skill workers
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Document Summary

Ggr323 - development and population cost of development. How does it impact people and environment. Not solving relationship between resources and population. Massive development in urbanization and transportation, etc, in countries such as china. We imply our lifestyle is good and everyone else needs to replicate. Need people to consume goods to have capitalism. Pollution is something that cannot be isolated geographically - wind patterns, etc benefits from globalization. Spreading benefits through process of globalization - jobs created in other parts of the world. Increase standard of living (improve) - process of consumption around the world. Types of jobs - based upon low income, low skills. If based on low income, always have rush to the bottom because people will look for lower jobs (easier) Not all jobs have low skill requirement. If engineer is working in the states, have to pay them in usd, but if they are kept in.

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