GGR100H1 Lecture Notes - Critical Mass, Demographic Transition, Modernization Theory

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11 Nov 2012
Population Geography Lecture
October 23, 2012
Emissions acts as a control upon energy consumption;
environmental and potential health problems which essentially
translate into costs [is there a relationship between the
emissions and the amount of money you spend on health care]
Development and Population
Alleviate poverty- change population: economic development but
it doesn’t tell us how to achieve economic development.
Development “the best contraceptive”: western idea that family
size decline and such enhances our development
oCritical mass
oEconomic change- socio/cultural change
Demographic transition model:
Triumph of capitalism, modernization theory: modernization
theory argues that economic development occurs through a
process of association
Achieving development- top down approach
Foreign aid: through appropriate governance, we can solve a lot
of our problems [optimism]
oA new Marshall plan: transfer of wealth from NA into other
parts of the world economy esp. into Europe and Japan;
these economics were destroyed by the war and if you
invest in them, it benefits everyone. Money flows right
back into the US because of consumption
oDevelopment agencies
oGeopolitical issues: a lot of the aid becomes integrated into
geopolitical concerns
Readjustment of the world economy
oRole of government/market
oNew focus- development agencies
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