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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - oct18:12.doc

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Environment, Food, People Lecture 6 October 18, 2012 Animals in the Food System King Corn: • Because corn isn’t the cows naturally diet, it will kill them anyways • Alot more saturated fat in corn feed cows • Evidence: farmers, scientists Different conditions around the world because of different laws and regulations: • Some laws are more strict in different places around the world • Supply and Demand • Reduce costs by constraining animals (less exercise=less food) Warehousing- when a company wants something that day, they don’t necessarily care where it came from. Society disagrees with the warehousing and caging animals: • Concern with health (they have to give the animals in antibiotics) • Inhumane Assignment #2: trace back growing Environment, Food, People Lecture 6 cont’d October 26, 2012 • Modernization Theory—Rostow ◦ Infrastructure is development • Dependency Theory—Gunder ◦ Response to modernization ◦ We have material goods and high standard of living because other countries do not • Postcolonial Theory—Said ◦ Recurring thought that certain countries are third world and does this create social relationships of unequal power ◦ AIDS undermines social networks ◦ Cannot build a society when life expectancy is so low ◦ Theory is trying to understand ideas about certain countries and why we think a certain way • African situation can be seen through all three theorys ◦ Dependency- is it reallyAfrica’s fault that they cannot move forward ◦ Assume Western way is the only right way-modernization theory ◦ Post colonial- insidiously puts blame onAfrican farmers—cultural thing we do to Africa ◦ As in their lack of development is so inherent lack of ability • Does being raised in a certain environment create a certain mentality? How do we assess what is happening when we live in a culture that judges so heavily. • Cultural stereotypes affects a person’s perception of themselves. Colonialism • Shaped every country in the world • France and England have changed so much because of the relationships they built as colonial powers • Away to gain territory and exploit the resources in a territory • Subordinate a territory, take over a place and put your people in it and let them govern themselves • Relationships of unequal exchange ◦ Get good stuff at a cheap price and bring it home ◦ Exploitation and dependence on purpose ◦ Political subjugation—subordinate will of indigenous people for the will of the colonial power ◦ Cultural European ideas of beauty, intelligence and advancement become normalized and put forward for an entire populations ◦ One job in colonialism is to put the power’s value set above the existing set of that of the native people Neo-Colonialism • Hiding other relationships of power. • Exploitation still happens through companies though there is no direct relationship to the government • Africa social unrest towards certain Western companies • IMF helps colonialism because they tell countries what to do • Some argue that neo-colonialism is worse because there is no one to fight against—target is further away • People can make decisions for other countries while living in their own country India Example (could apply in many other contexts) • Precolonialism ◦ Considered a hearth of civilization ◦ Had development early—before the development of England and France ◦ Alittle bit of unrest that colonial powers took advantage of • Colonizat
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