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Lecture

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR107H1
Professor
Prof.Lakefield
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 08 Continuted , Novemeber 11, 2011 Pre-colonial India • a “hearth of civilization” • Moghul Empire in decline; rise of the “princely states” Roots of British Colonization of India: The East India Companies – 1600 to 1858 The British Raj-1858 “More famines were recorded in the first century of the British Raj than in the previous 2,000 years, including 17-20 million deaths from 1896-1900 alone. A million Indians a year died A million Indians a year died from avoidable famines and taxation subsiding colonial wars, while relief was often deliberately denied as surplus grain was shipped to England” (Ghopal, 2006) *the product of the country of increasingly oriented towards the over sea routes *food was being grown for exportation *the British systematically destroyed the skills of the trades people learning the skills from them to being to Europe Education in Colonial India We must do our best to form a class who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern, a class of persons Indian in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, words and intellect." Thomas Macaulay, 1835 If we had formerly the satisfaction of believing in the antiquity of the Indian wisdom and holding it in respect, we now have ascertained … the inaccuracy of all figures quoted. “ G.W.F. Hegel *the need to dehuminze humans to over power them *in the colonial period Indian culture was looked at a great thing `*the process of othering Video: Farmer Suicide in India (not the same video that is recommended as a supplementary resource) *farmers taking there lives because they cant bare the pressure and stress ( DUE to debt and crop failure) *the quote “the idea.. (on slide) you buy our stuff and will buy your stuff and everything will be all good *THE bottom quote= say if you do these things mentioned inthe qote (opening up of trade) you can live like the US farmers. Trade and Development • Subsidies reduce prices to below production costs → other producers can’t compete *farmers in the north are able to get incentives and subsidies to grow things so they can sell for less, not available in the global south • Tariffs versus “liberalization *southern countries have not been allowed to liberalize so their crops must cost more to avoid competition • Development of trading blocks *allows southern countires to access northern markets and have supporative trade from other nations *Also used by the northto create trade interses in their economies so the south does not gain in much power • R&D and copyright/patent protection *huge amounts of res, going on in the south as well as the north, but not as much patent/ copyright protections • Freeing the market from government intervention *Gov. Must supervise trade( and other product tracing) • Emergence of “fair trade” (and other product tracing) *It is up to the consumers to decide whether they are willing d to pay more for more just “far and trade products) How this plays out in agriculture *Serious inequalities in access to necessities of life (such as food), access to capital (e.g., for farm and infrastructure improv
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