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Urbanization- LEcture 1.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Damian Dupuy

Urbanization – Class 1  [email protected]  Tutorials only during assignments  Midterm exam is in class, it has higher priority than out of class exams  Canadian Cities in Transition 4 Edition, do not need the textbook, checkout THE AGENDA on TVO, Budget discussions, get the course reader  The Macro View o Defining the “city” or the “urban” o Historical context o Contemporary context o City within a system of cities- the urban system o Linkage between areas are cities, they are a part of a system o Toronto, London etc. are know to be international cities because they are driven by finance (stocks)  The Micro View o Internal relationships with the “typical” city o How do cities work o City as a jigsaw puzzle- ex. Housing is influenced by economic standings, which influences the transit system, and on and on o Linkage between neighborhoods  View where we live through the eyes of a urban geographer Urban Life: An Introduction Defining the “Urban”  Definition is debated, there is no specific, not derived via scientific method  Louis Wirth (1938) – large, dense, relatively permanent settlement of socially heterogeneous people.  Lewis Mumford (1961) – cities were a fundamental institution  Bunting and Filion (2010) – places of intense social interactions and exchange between strangers Urban characteristics  Dense concentration (agglomeration) of people and activities  Proximity (changes over time, physical proximity is not really important any more, many people are using technology ex. skype, face time. But in business close contact is more important, face to face because its seen more work is done when people are having face to face interactions), density (promotes stronger interaction) and diversity are key characteristics Basic Concepts Urbanization  Shifting population balance between urban and rural a
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