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GGR124H1 (189)
Lecture

November 14th Lecture-2.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR124H1
Professor
Silvia D' Addario
Semester
Fall

Description
What does geography of housing look like in Canadian cities? Connection between housing and labor Where immigrants work and live Terms: Household  People living in a single dweling- occupying only one dwelling, can be related. Immigrant household  Head of household was born outside of Canada.  Larger than the average family size  Most likely to have lower income Homeowners vs. Renters  60% are homeowners, 40% are renters- misleading statistics that change depending on the geography.  Housing business favors homeowners. House vs. Home  House is physical structure and dwelling. It is locatable within geography.  The home is an emotional association- emotional belonging attached with a place (with family or with people instead of geographical location; can be multiple locations- transnational)  A house may not be someone’s home (for immigrants?) Identify concentric one models for exam- understand its significance  Explains spatial organization of people and groups- racialized communities.  Explains residential decisions that are based on the competition for land. The cheapest neighbourhoods populated by minorities until they can assimilate and follow spatial assimilation model they will be clustered in centre areas.  Outer suburbs populated with white middleclass families.  Key contributing factor to pattern of settlement is income- which is influenced by immigration status skin color, family structure.  Model uses income as a primary income and ethnicity and race as secondary variables. Settlement patterns based on:  Socio economic status  Family status  Ethnic status Robert Murdy- Theory of Urban Ecology- structures a result of interaction with the morphology of the city. Layers on top of the city instead of concentric zones Economic status (on top of physical space) is expressed in sectorial patterns. (high income vs. low income situated in zones- low income in core; immigrants settel in clusters. Social distance- perceived distance of people based on race, sexuality, etc Housing selection  Social distance and imposed segregation (total freedom vs imposed segregation –ie. little Italy, china town)  Congegation vs. Self imposed segregation (an ethnoburb. preservation of culture is preserved in Canada)  Gentrification vs. displacement – why people end up where they live (variation in housing patterns; conditions where gentrified communities are being displaced) see a shift in geography of the cities upper class moving back to cities?  Affordable housing vs. Public housing (1950-60 expanded social housing as a community model. I.e. Jane and finch, regent park, etc. - low income neighborhood- affects people who live there and people who are new to Canada) Housing Factors  Affordability: Core housing Stress- do you pay 30% of income on housing? = Critical housing Stress.  Adequacy
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