What does geography of housing look like in Canadian cities?
Connection between housing and labor
Where immigrants work and live
People living in a single dweling- occupying only one dwelling, can be related.
Head of household was born outside of Canada.
Larger than the average family size
Most likely to have lower income
Homeowners vs. Renters
60% are homeowners, 40% are renters- misleading statistics that change
depending on the geography.
Housing business favors homeowners.
House vs. Home
House is physical structure and dwelling. It is locatable within geography.
The home is an emotional association- emotional belonging attached with a
place (with family or with people instead of geographical location; can be
multiple locations- transnational)
A house may not be someone’s home (for immigrants?)
Identify concentric one models for exam- understand its significance
Explains spatial organization of people and groups- racialized communities.
Explains residential decisions that are based on the competition for land. The
cheapest neighbourhoods populated by minorities until they can assimilate
and follow spatial assimilation model they will be clustered in centre areas.
Outer suburbs populated with white middleclass families.
Key contributing factor to pattern of settlement is income- which is
influenced by immigration status skin color, family structure.
Model uses income as a primary income and ethnicity and race as secondary
Settlement patterns based on:
Socio economic status
Robert Murdy- Theory of Urban Ecology- structures a result of interaction with the
morphology of the city. Layers on top of the city instead of concentric zones Economic status (on top of physical space) is expressed in sectorial patterns. (high
income vs. low income situated in zones- low income in core; immigrants settel in
Social distance- perceived distance of people based on race, sexuality, etc
Social distance and imposed segregation (total freedom vs imposed
segregation –ie. little Italy, china town)
Congegation vs. Self imposed segregation (an ethnoburb. preservation of
culture is preserved in Canada)
Gentrification vs. displacement – why people end up where they live
(variation in housing patterns; conditions where gentrified communities are
being displaced) see a shift in geography of the cities upper class moving
back to cities?
Affordable housing vs. Public housing (1950-60 expanded social housing as a
community model. I.e. Jane and finch, regent park, etc. - low income
neighborhood- affects people who live there and people who are new to
Affordability: Core housing Stress- do you pay 30% of income on housing? =
Critical housing Stress.