GGR124: November 7 Lecture
Migration and the Changing City
How does migration affect the geography of the city?
Migration: The movement of people from one place to another. Often implied that it
Globalization can only take place in part due to the movement of people. And people
can only move like they do today because of globalization due to increasing
innovation in technology- a recursive relationship.
Global Scale of Migration: Key Trends:
Migration is increasing
Increasing spatial extent- due to better transportation people move to
different places- new demand for labor that is attracting people.
Key areas for settlement- US, Canada, Australia, some European Counties
Migration is diversifying- economies are developing and new categories of
migration are developing (different streams)
Migration is becoming transnational today (people have multiple homes
and connect with many different places)- people identify with different places
and hold on to their culture
The state and International Migration
What factors promote out migration? Political instability, famine, lack of
What factors attract migrants? Job opportunities, economic growth, good
healthcare, education system, social networking, safety
Attraction to a city: established ethnic communities, local labor market.
The Canadian Context of Immigration
Phases of Canadian immigration will often reflect the economic status of the
Key Characteristics (until 1960)
Immigration policy based on a preference for European immigration on the
assumption they could only assimilate
Obtained Exclusionary policies (1885 Chinese Head Tax; The Continuous
Journey Policy- discouraged common wealth immigrants Komagata Maru)
Market Forces determine flows of immigrati