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Lecture

October 17 Lecture.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR124H1
Professor
Silvia D' Addario
Semester
Fall

Description
GGR124H1: October 17 Lecture: Urban Citizenship and City Culture How is belonging created?  Geography  Community  Culture  Citizenship  Identity Thee all have geographic reference Two models of human interaction (Tonnies)- conceptualized human interaction based on the continuum of polar extremes. Gemeinschaft  A sense of community based on he family  relationships of trust nd caring networks  informal through social norms Gesellschaft  As urbanization took place, interaction became more formal- undesirable- direct response to modern urbanized capitalist society  Short lived, superficial interaction.  People bound thorough institutions  Controls made through codes and laws The rural as a scale facilitates increased community Urbanism Way of Life (Wirth) Three Attributes of urbanization 1. Urban spaces have increased numbers of people 2. As number increases, population density increases 3. Then likely to have more heterogenerity. (difference) Urbanism: an inevitable way of life that is a consequence of urbanization  These processes influence individuals and society  People feel more alientated from society- weakens support systems, weakens social norms and culture. Habitus and Social Capital  Pierre Bordieu’s Habitus: the capacity for humans to improvise in structured situations through the body  Social groups share models of identification from others  Naturalizations make language powerful  Creates Social Capital – implies that social network will have economic benefits as well. Pays to be a part of a community (ex: networking through work) it has real implication into how a community will translate into economic capital. Also involves an element of truth between people. Ex: Higher divorce rates, fewer children- affects community life. Gentrification  Understanding why people live in certain places and why they choose to live in certain areas of the city  A transformation of a working class or central city location into an upper or middle class neighborhood. Key components: 1. Requires the displacement of lower income groups who can no longer afford to live in this neighborhood- often imply immigrants or Racialized groups. 2. Usually includes a class identifier (ex: white middle class residents who are
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