URB Lect 10
Geography of housing
- People living in a single dwelling
- The head of a household is born outside Canada, larger than average family size, more likely to have
Homeowners vs. Renters
House vs. Home
60% are owners, 40% rent in Canada alone.
Increase in ownership and decrease in rentals.
In geography, critical to talk about the differences between home and house, key differences include:
House is physical, locateable, whereas, home is more personal, span in multiple locations, associated
more with loved ones rather than a dwelling.
Concentric Zone model by the Chicago school - social organization of the urban.
Urban Ecology by Murdie - Organized social space as ethnic, family, economic status and physical space.
Murdie argued that economic status has sectoral patterns, family status has zonal effect (concentric zone
matters when you have a family), ethnic status has clustered effects. He's saying that the Chicago model
makes sense, but you have to see this in a 3D way, not created equally as it is all dependent on identity,
family and income.
Social Distance (perceived distance based on race, religion, sexuality, etc.) and Imposed segregation (Not
able to select residential locations, inhibited by ethnic and racial backgrounds -AfricVille and whites in
Congregation and self-imposed segregation (Ethnic enclaves, suburbanizing new groups-no longer white
families, settling around religious institutions - peace village, ethnic theme malls - pacific mall and
ethnoburbs - richmond hill)
Gentrification and displacement - working class neighbourhood to an upper class one, creates
displacement and changes the way the city and suburb looks. People displaced in the city causes them to
look for housing in the suburbs.
Affordable housing and public housing - Effects the geography of immigrant settlements,
Affordability - More than 30% on housing = core housing stress, 50% of income on housing = critical
Adequacy - Is it substandard, need repairs, many in Toronto face this issue.
Suitability - Size of the dwelling match the occupants, bedrooms and washrooms.
Safety - Feminist addition to housing stress, sexuality or domestic abuse, can occur in the community at
large, not just the dwelling. Housing Crisis
- Triple Squeeze
- Housing cost - Inceasing shelter cost, with income staying the same.Affordability squeeze
- Housing stock - Growing population due to immigration, coming to just T