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GGR124H1 (174)

Overview of all points covered in lecture

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University of Toronto St. George
Damian Dupuy

GGR 124: Lecture 3 Growth of Urban Spaces N Early urban development was often the result of standard birth rates, making for smaller cities N These areas had the necessary social surplus to grow N Of the biggest of the ancient cities was Rome (1 million by 2 AD) N In Greece, the mainland cities moved their conquest towards the Mediterranean N These new Greek cities developed the gridiron pattern N Roman cities made effective use of perimeter structure and cross streets N European city growth came to a slowdown after the 5 -17 centuries due to a decrease in spatial interaction after the fall of the Roman Empire N Urban centres became isolated and paranoid N Mercantilism emerges and isolation dissipates N Mercantilism developed state controlled economies based on conquest and trade N Capitalism reduced the role of the state transforming cities into industrial centres N The most significant urban expansion occurred under the industrial revolution N In the 19 century cities became the big centres of population N Market specialisation became the key economic factor for the prosperity of urban centres N North American urbanization was largely the result of colonial trade posts growing into urban centres N The greater part of North American urbanization was influenced by the British N Quebec was founded in 1608 and Montreal in 1620 by the French N Westward movement of colonization in the 19 centu
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