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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Damian Dupuy

Cliff Lau University of Toronto GGR124 Lecture 2 (January 19, 2011) Urban places can be defined using a variety of different criteria Population minimum size of settlement or agglomeration; minimum density; relying on population alone can be problematic Economic base minimum proportion of the labour force in non-agricultural occupations Administrative using some legal or administrative criteria; but comparative research is difficult; physical and social extent of the city can extend far beyond the administrative responsibility (people could work in one area but commute from a different area) Functional reflect the real extent of the urban influence; census data expressed in terms of functional definition; Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) is bigger than the administrative area (Toronto includes Mississauga, Markham, Vaughn, etc) Understanding Urban Geography Understandinterpret the distribution of towns and cities Account for the differences and similarities between them and within them Two key themes: spatial distribution of towns and cities (system of cities); internal structure of the city (city as a system) Discipline is eclectic Approaches to Urban Geography Environmentalism th 1. Dominant up to the mid-20 century 2. Relationship between people and their environment 3. Site and situation studies physical characteristics determine urban development 4. Urban morphology how urban areas have grown and changed over time
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