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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Notes

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy
Semester
Winter

Description
Cliff Lau University of Toronto GGR124 Lecture 3 (January 26, 2011) Early Urban Development up to 5 century AD 1. 4000-3500BC Mesopotamia 2. 3000BC Nile Valley 3. 2500BC Indus Valley 4. 2000BC Yellow River 5. 200BC Mexico and Peru Generally, very early cities were small (2000-20,000 people) Largest of the ancient cities was Rome 1. Close to 1m by 2AD Athens, Sparta on Creek mainland by 800BC Urbanism spread through Mediterranean from Greece Planned Greek cities developed a gridiron pattern Many Roman cities had this pattern, also: 1. Square or rectangular town perimeter 2. 2 main cross-streets (E-W called Decumanus; N-S Cardo) th th Middle Period Urbanization 5 17 century AD Slow growth of European cities Why? Decrease in spatial interaction after Roman Empire fell Disruption of urban and rural interaction Increased isolation Over time, commerce expanded function of the city mercantilism www.notesolution.com
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