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Urbanization .docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Damian Dupuy

GGR124 1182012 40800 PM UrbanizationLecture 1 Jan 11 2012On assignments must write TUT number and TA nameMacro ViewDefining the city or urbanHistorical contextContemporary contextCity within a system of cities the urban system relationships between citiesMicro ViewInternal relationships within the typical cityHow do cities workCity as a jigsaw puzzleAll fundamentals economics housing etc are interrelatedconnectedViewing where we live through the eyes of the urban geographerDefining Terms Basic ConceptsThe urbansubject of much debate and disagreementLouis Wirth 1938 large dense relatively permanent settlements of socially heterogeneous people ethnically culturally sexuality differencesLewis Mumford 1961 cities were a fundamental cultural institution innovations driven by ideas fuelingBunting and Filion 2010 places of intense social interaction and exchange between strangers Urban characteristicsdense concentration agglomeration of people and activities proximity density and diversity are key characteristics to ALL citiesUrbanizationshifting population balance between urban and rural areasproportion of the total population that is living in urban placesurbanpopulation in urban areas are on the rise where most live Deurbanization counterurbanizationbalance is shifting towards peripheralrural areasrural population growth is higher than urban population growthmoving beyond the suburbsas lifestyles changes ex having childrenUrban Hierarchyordering and often ranking of urban places by population size andor functions performed the importancepower of city too Metropolitanizationmetropolitan areas the largest urban areas are growing faster than smaller urban areas population is shifting up the urban hierarchySuburbanizationshifting population balance between suburban portions of metropolitan areas and the rest of the countrypeople moving out to commutershed areas Measuring Urban Placesurban places can be defined using a variety of different criteria principle methods usedPopulationminimum size of settlement or agglomerationminimum density number of people per hectorrelying on population alone can be problematic Economic Baseminimum proportion of the labour force in nonagricultural occupations Administrativeusing some legal or administrative criteria but comparative research is difficult where do we draw the lines
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