Wedgwood and Making machines of men
Wedgwood kept diving the production into more and more specialist labour
with less skilled , cheaper labour
Josiah Wedgwood’s effort to standardize the production of pots by splitting
the production process into smaller and smaller tasks is a process known as
the division of labour
Adam Smith and the division of labour
Dexterity of employees improves and this contributes to an increase in speed
Time is lost when an employee has to change from one type of work to
Machines permitting cheaper and faster production can replace labour
Spatial division of labour
One location is used for the HQ, another for research and development
This spatial division of labour began with manufacturers establishing speciali
st units that were contiguously located, but soon developed into a more dispe
rsed spatial division of labour.
Different parts of the production process were located close to either sources
of raw materials, cheap labour or the market place
Ford pioneered the development of mass production based on assembly line
techniques and the introduction of scientific management into the workplace.
He also encouraged mass consumption through advertising, higher wages and
the supply of relatively inexpensive products.
Mass production cannot occur without mass marketing to encourage mass
First, in the 1880s, meat-packing became the first assembly-line industry as it
proved to be impossible to mechanize the production process.
Second, as the populations of American cities increased it became impossible
for each city to rely on local meat supplies.
A transportation innovation resulted in a new spatial division of labour, with
Chicago developing a specialism in the production and supply of meat produ
Most economic geographies of Fordism begin with Henry Ford's development of
the Model T motor car, the first successful mass-produced car.
Fordism, the production system named after Henry Ford, was a combination of:
1．The extended d