GGR221 Lecture 1
What is economic geography?
- Location of different types of economic activities, the economies of particular regions and economic
relationships between places
- where are goods and services produced?
- under what conditions?
- how is it that a good produced in one place ends up at another? By what means?
- who buys them?
- How has the production of goods and services evolved over time?
- What is the appropriate role of government?
- what, who, how, where, why and so what
- transportation costs encourage manufacturers to locate close to other manufacturers
- makes region attractive to workers
- draws other manufacturers to be close to market
- manufacturing concentrates in core area and supplies periphery- cumulative causation
Three central geographical concepts:
- location and distance
- scale: geographical levels of human activity
External Reasons to study Economic geography
- Transformation of the manufacturing system
from "Fordism" to "post-Fordism"
- Clustering andAgglomeration: Toyot