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Lecture 11

lecture 11

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Joseph Laydon

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Lecture 11 - November 28 Cold War Cities and the Military-Industrial Complex Key points from the previous class 1. Modernism’s concern with novelty, progress, and transformation, but also the role of modernist artists, writers, and intellectuals as critical interpreters of NorthAmerican culture and society. 2. The extraordinary system of stockyards of Chicago and its impact on North American agriculture and lifestyles. 3. The World’s Fair (or Columbian Exposition) of 1893 as a symbol of American progress and imperial ambition (precisely as the continental frontier was ‘closing’, according to Turner). 4. The origins ofAmerican Empire in the late 19th century (Hawaii, the Caribbean, the Philippines). 5. New York as a global cultural capital in the early 20th century, and the important role of the Harlem Renaissance. The Second World War in the Northwest: The Alcan (later Alaska) Highway, built by the US Army Corps of Engineers, 1942-43 - The alaska highway - was built by american military engineers - To link the north and west - this transformed radically the geography of the North Slide 2 - Building theAlcan highway - cutting down the forest and building roads - there is hunting , over fishing - completely transfroming the ecological cycle - also, tele-communication was also parralel with the building of the road - Dawson Town gets saved only though the Tourism - This high way is a mega project - to remake the land - in the name of military power Slide 3 Construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway, 1957: “the beginning of a series of man-made alterations to nature…which were to become famous throughout the world.” - tu build huge seaway - its sort of upgraded version of the Canal - that is built to transport ships- Slide 4- - St- Lawrence river - this is nature totally transformed - huge amounts of concrete being put - relocation of cities , island, - building of roads, bridges - this was the era of huge infra-structure building\ - IT imporved communitication, mobility, and etc Slide 5 - The trinity Test , naerAlamogordo, NM, 16 july 1945 - the building of of new huge weapons - if this weapon got out of control it would be very dangoures and costy for US - it was trully destructive Slide 6 - Nagasaki, Japan 24 september 1945 - using the pictures, to show wat if happen to US the same Slide 7- E. B. White - he wrote a book about New York City - but it has a terrible ending - New York was potentially destructible, because of the new dangerous weapon - his writing is the classic of the ancious urbansm, the fear and concern that were in the city during the Cold War - the very possibility has inspired all sort of imaginations, and specualtions and encouraged the promotion of ideas and plans to avoid this Slide 8 - pictures and films and comics about US invasion - has become a deep idea during the 1952 era, - it was prepariton and already knowing what to do during the time of atomic bomb drop - we may not be able to live in cities once this technology has arived (when bomb is dropped) Slide 9 - Duck and Cover - drills in 1950s that states things you have to do in tmie of bomb drop Slide 10 - The new Normal:AFamily in Levittown, NY - 1948 - the sub-urbs have become a new normal life - Levittown was the classic suburb - - the idea of Levittown was that you cant be a communist if you have your own propert and a lot, because you are too busy with your property, Slide 11 - - Images of old buildings that would burts into fire quickly - congasted neighbourhoods that are targets - Idea is that - Cities and Suburbs are becoming two thigns, - it is all part of huge effort - to prepare people for this eventuality - a national program awareness and response Slide 12 - Federal Civil DefenceAdministration poster, 1950s - Promotion of calm and measured panics - don’t go crazy and kill people - do not freak out - Propaganda that was used to encourage and demand and make them participate in the government ideas Slide 16 - The militarization of everyday life: Broadway and Seventh Avenue, New York City : 2:05 p.m on 15 june 1955, during a nationwide civil defence exercise - it was quick striking - programs that made people be ready for this Slide 17 -Alert America Convoy - that would go city to city to show people what they could do to be secure - propaganda’s encouraged people to buy car
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