Lecture 7 - October 25
Railroads and the Resettlement of the West
Along the age of empire that became the British Columbia many reserves were created and spread around
- How this colonoliasim disposes- the line between
- Story of racism and the establisment of reserve lands
-Also, this territory became known and mapped, and trade routes and trades post were created.
- This native lands were transformed into British colonial transform
- you have a relationship built based on trade here, rather than land, and once you take away land from them, you have to
put them somewhere, and the he scattered pin dots in the map show the results.
- When european settlers arrived, the land was used improperly by the natives, which could have been used better.
- Idea is that, When the settlers explored the land and created job, and used the unvalued resource to natives made it
valueable and made everything better for the natives
- What did maps do to this idea, what was the function of the maps?
- Technology of power, to rename and claim the lands.
Slide 3) + 4)
- Harris mentiones that you need property and you need defiinition, who lives where, and maps were the means of
- Such representation establishes the right to the land, to remove the indiginous people from entering or using the land.
-Reserves as bureaucratic spaces
- The power of bureacracy, the grid, number plays a great role in the creation of reserves
- The historical georgraphy of native settlement was replaced by the new geography,
- The towns, griddlines, trade posts, all changed this
- The movements of the indeginous were blocked, because of this establishments.
- Despite this set back, they were not completely removed,
- Similar examples of disposesion were occuring in United States
- This was considered the last unknown territories, back in washington
- This trip became known as Powell Geographic Expedition
- Marking the formal transcontinental railroad meeting,
- The significance is that - Opening theAmerica
- Powell he was interested in geographical spaces, exloring and mapping a new type of space
- He was a scientist and also a bureacrat, he wanted to fill the spaces in the map
- He was an early environmentalist, arguing that West was very dry region, and is in need of water and he wanted to
conserve the resources there
- He was introducing classification of the land, referring how to properly use the land.
- He was also an ethnologist (study of cultural groups) he wrote about them, interacted with them
- In any case, he saw that the natives were using the land ineffeciently
- He produced the idea of value, the value of the land
- The role of maps, the use of it
-Amap of the UTAH territory - represents the importance of the use of this land
- How can we use this land properly, and where are the resources alocated.
- Heavy deforastation was the result that forced fires Slide 10)
- Powell’s policy in this case is to get rid natives who were setting the fire
- It was irrational based on what they did
- It isnt happening yet, but Powell is leading towards that way
- To use the land, timber and so on properly
- SO what he says, when you remove the native people and push them away from this new economic region that is about to
develop, will allow the best use of the land and creation of the american civilization.
- This influential surveys written by Powelll provides a very strong geographic knowledge, because what it excluded.
- The transformation of the land, the change in peoples lifes.
Slide 12) The train
- What comes before the locomotive
- Movign on the water, on Horse,
- Replaced by the trains, fueled by the coal, and fossil fuels
- This produced a massive energetic capacity ( 1 sml train was compared to 200 people)
- Trains - shirnk the distance - consumes time travelling
- Increases the development inland and away from water
- The engenires called this locomotives - Iron Civilizers
-At confederation in 1867 Canada had just over 2000 miles of track, mostly in Ontario
- 25 years later there were almost 14 000 mainline miles of track, and railroads spanned the continent
- These were the