New Delhi: A Planned Colonial City
What elements of British and Indian society can be seen on this map?
British: Planned, railways, main center, military base
Today's Question: What is the relationship between colonialism and the imperial city (New Delhi) in British India?
Structure 1. The Planned imperial city in the colonies
2. Building New Delhi
3. Social distinctions inscribed in the landscape
Planned Imperial City References Roman and the Imperial City as everlasting.
(H. Baker to E. Lutyens, 1912)
Delhi has to demonstrate social morality and control through the culture.
(Delhi Town Planning Committee, 1913)
Indians adults are children so Indian architecture is created by children
Imperial City: Cultural dominance of India by British
Orientalism Knowledge is power and colonial powers controlled knowledge
o Contained and represented by dominating frameworks (E. Said)
Oriental = Othered
o Had to be taken care by dominant culture
Imperial City: discursive-material world expressed in built form
Control over spatial relations-structure, social relations-hierarchies, allocation of
o Hierarchies: Race, class, gender
Building New Delhi Reasons for building a new city
1. Administration: house the growing colonial gov't (moving capital of New Delhi)
a. Capital was moved from Calcutta to New Delhi in 1912
2. Symbol: represent a new imperial vision of British rule
3. Political: to appease growing nationalist movement (peaceful dominance)
Significance of Buildings
1. Cities as texts: communicative devices that encode and transmit information
a. Ordered assembling of objects that communicate structure for power relations
2. New Delhi is a concrete manifestation of colonial power relations
Acquiring the Land
New Delhi built on top of agricultural land and villages
Complex labor and social s