New Delhi: a planned colonial city 28 February 2013
Colonial control over spatial relationship
Who controls space is very important. Colonial power when they come to india
for instance, allocate controls space. They can maintain their power over a group
Building the New City
- British administration on colonies were growing
- new symbol of imperial power in India. A new space and landscape that
would represent the new imperial vision of the British rule
- peaceful domination comes with absolute power.
- cities as texts: communicative devices that encode and transmit
o e.g. signs
o cities use of text to carry out social relationship
o New Delhi is a concrete manifestation…..
Building: acquiring the land
- complex agricultural system
- created over thousands of years and it’s embedded social and economic
relations impossible to replicate elsewhere.
- 1894 Land Acquisition Act for British to conquer their land
o Imperial dominance was more important in the daily life.
o They are more important than the individual.
- 3 different payments to pay for their land
o cash payment
o tax remission
- cash payments too low, not enough to purchase another land and people
often would become homeless
- breakdown of social relationships. Displacement of people.
- Not willing to take on debt
- forced the other to move to the city.
Lutyen’s “Delhi Order”
- typical architecture style that fused classical with vernacular features
- dignifying grow shows in the architecture style and structure.
- Built on the framework of several other imperial cities.
- Very similar type of style with London and Washington
o Green and large public spaces.
- New and old Delhi is separated
o No connection with this planned imperial space
Two elements of the imperial city
- Imperial, beaux-arts city
- Consisted of a residential garden city. Huge residential area made up of
deluxe of bungalow, new technology, sewage system. zoned by class
- In complete contrast to old Delhi. Building: labor
- many of coolies
- cheap, replaceable labour