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L4 Urban Canada.docx

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Sally Turner

GGR246 Oct. 1 , 2012 Lecture 4: Urban Canada Canada: Urban Nation - Focus on density of population and less on how many ppl are living there - Understanding urban poor - Farming (primary resource) got Toronto started - Fur trade for Montreal - Self-perpetuating city: (chicken or the egg) jobs first that attracted ppl or ppl that attracted jobs? - Positive feedback loop of employers and people attracted to a city Canada’s 10 Largest Cities - Toronto - Montreal - Vancouver is smaller b/c it is on the West coast (diff geographically) Map of Canada - Toronto located by Southern border - Northern Territories are less inviting to live in - Makes more sense to live close to business (with states) Ecumene Map - Inhabited = majority of population resides, not that there is “uninhabited” - Numbered red circles = periphery?? TB 136 Map - Core: where we live; great lakes, st. Lawrence lowlands, Kitchener; economic roots = exploiting natural resources - Secondary: play smaller role than cities @ the core; population is smaller; developing cities - Sparse: resource towns we spoke about in L3 - Almost uninhabited: rest of the country; due to geography Canadian Cities: Evolution - Early Canadian City - Service centres for communities engaged in fur trade - Halifax = service centre for East Coast - A way in/out for services and goods - Set up as trading post - Function was to communicate to the surrounding communities - Strong connection with England and France - QC, Montreal, Halifax, St. Johns  all on water Colonial Trading Posts Map - Montreal (bolded) was a colonial trading post Quebec City - Why do we see such a dense downtown core? - Early urban form (how it looks, how you get around, the buildings you see there how they are set up) - Process incoming goods and outgoing goods 2. The Commercial City - 1800: our economic ties to colonial powers became less selective? - Began to look inwards rather than export to the colonies - Commercial interests over colonial interests - Interested in promoting sale within to other cities - Real value in natural resources is after you process them - Natural resources gain value along every step of processing - Ppl began to work with natural resources in a meaningful way  more artisanal products -  beginnings of industrialization King Street East - Moving from rural to urban areas - Near Sherbourne St. and King St. East - Ppl are manufacturing products and selling to ppl in the city - Mixed land uses – ppl selling goods/ areas, residential, industrial - Compact because ppl relied on walking around (requires close proximity) - Mix of rich and poor - Ppl of all diff classes lving on top of each other because city is so compact 3. The Industrial City - Mass immigration to West - Allowed companies to take advantage of mail-market - Allowed industrial corporation development - Pull: encourage someone to move to a new location o Cities have more jobs - Push: discourage ppl from industrial communities o Mechanization Urban Form - First, city becomes more dense (height of buildings) - Density = # ppl/ square foot - Buildings taller  technology - Suburbanization o Streetcars o Ppl could live further from core, more spacious Streetcar Pic - City becomes more of a place for ppl to work and shop, not live 4. The Corporate City - moves on from industrialization of large cities - Eatons - These corporations begin to drive urban development - Increase jobs, increases population - Increased access to cars  live farther out - Land uses o See poor o Residential Corporate City Suburbs: Toronto - Don Mills was a suburb - Etobicoke, North York, York, = were on urban fringe (edge of urban development, close to rural) - Dense dt cores and dispersed suburbs b/c core developed first Corporate Cities: High-rises - Most of inner suburbs in Toronto today, you’ll find older rental apartments now used for housing for new immigrants b/c cheaper - Used to be located on urban fringe, home to ppl who worked in core 5. Post-Urbanization - urbanization: dense urban form - post urbanization = after we see dense form develop, lower density residential areas form - vaughan, markham, peel region - 1970s onwards, particularly 1980s - Beyond urban fringe - Single family housing, - Residential areas very segregated from industrial land uses - Requires car use b/c so far away Inner& Outer Suburbs - Inner suburbs o Smaller in scale - Outer suburbs o Larger scale o Large corporate developers o Big distance o Transportation difficult Inner Suburbs: ALderwood - Don’t need to rmb - Large backyard - Increasing density of thee places - Particularly dt core - Redeveloped into condo developments Outer Suburbs: Vaughan - Hwy 7 and Hwy 400 - Houses look a lot bigger but the lot size is smaller than inner suburb Case Studies: Canadian Cities - Ontario - Close to bodies of water - Vast majority of our cities located by lake Ontario  golden Horseshoe - Guelph represents a very good location for companies who want to tap into markets for ppl living in waterloo, but also has cheap land prices - Ottawa – gov’t city; - Oshawa – a de-industrializing city o Why is it still a growing city? b/c it has become a commuter suburb area with the lower property prices; Toronto - Best example of self-perpetuating city in Canada - Heart of industrialization - Recently transformed itself into a financial centre - Core of industrialism - Made se
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