Class Notes (836,380)
Canada (509,761)
Geography (975)
GGR246H1 (29)
Lecture

L4 Urban Canada.docx

7 Pages
76 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Geography
Course
GGR246H1
Professor
Sally Turner
Semester
Fall

Description
GGR246 Oct. 1 , 2012 Lecture 4: Urban Canada Canada: Urban Nation - Focus on density of population and less on how many ppl are living there - Understanding urban poor - Farming (primary resource) got Toronto started - Fur trade for Montreal - Self-perpetuating city: (chicken or the egg) jobs first that attracted ppl or ppl that attracted jobs? - Positive feedback loop of employers and people attracted to a city Canada’s 10 Largest Cities - Toronto - Montreal - Vancouver is smaller b/c it is on the West coast (diff geographically) Map of Canada - Toronto located by Southern border - Northern Territories are less inviting to live in - Makes more sense to live close to business (with states) Ecumene Map - Inhabited = majority of population resides, not that there is “uninhabited” - Numbered red circles = periphery?? TB 136 Map - Core: where we live; great lakes, st. Lawrence lowlands, Kitchener; economic roots = exploiting natural resources - Secondary: play smaller role than cities @ the core; population is smaller; developing cities - Sparse: resource towns we spoke about in L3 - Almost uninhabited: rest of the country; due to geography Canadian Cities: Evolution - Early Canadian City - Service centres for communities engaged in fur trade - Halifax = service centre for East Coast - A way in/out for services and goods - Set up as trading post - Function was to communicate to the surrounding communities - Strong connection with England and France - QC, Montreal, Halifax, St. Johns  all on water Colonial Trading Posts Map - Montreal (bolded) was a colonial trading post Quebec City - Why do we see such a dense downtown core? - Early urban form (how it looks, how you get around, the buildings you see there how they are set up) - Process incoming goods and outgoing goods 2. The Commercial City - 1800: our economic ties to colonial powers became less selective? - Began to look inwards rather than export to the colonies - Commercial interests over colonial interests - Interested in promoting sale within to other cities - Real value in natural resources is after you process them - Natural resources gain value along every step of processing - Ppl began to work with natural resources in a meaningful way  more artisanal products -  beginnings of industrialization King Street East - Moving from rural to urban areas - Near Sherbourne St. and King St. East - Ppl are manufacturing products and selling to ppl in the city - Mixed land uses – ppl selling goods/ areas, residential, industrial - Compact because ppl relied on walking around (requires close proximity) - Mix of rich and poor - Ppl of all diff classes lving on top of each other because city is so compact 3. The Industrial City - Mass immigration to West - Allowed companies to take advantage of mail-market - Allowed industrial corporation development - Pull: encourage someone to move to a new location o Cities have more jobs - Push: discourage ppl from industrial communities o Mechanization Urban Form - First, city becomes more dense (height of buildings) - Density = # ppl/ square foot - Buildings taller  technology - Suburbanization o Streetcars o Ppl could live further from core, more spacious Streetcar Pic - City becomes more of a place for ppl to work and shop, not live 4. The Corporate City - moves on from industrialization of large cities - Eatons - These corporations begin to drive urban development - Increase jobs, increases population - Increased access to cars  live farther out - Land uses o See poor o Residential Corporate City Suburbs: Toronto - Don Mills was a suburb - Etobicoke, North York, York, = were on urban fringe (edge of urban development, close to rural) - Dense dt cores and dispersed suburbs b/c core developed first Corporate Cities: High-rises - Most of inner suburbs in Toronto today, you’ll find older rental apartments now used for housing for new immigrants b/c cheaper - Used to be located on urban fringe, home to ppl who worked in core 5. Post-Urbanization - urbanization: dense urban form - post urbanization = after we see dense form develop, lower density residential areas form - vaughan, markham, peel region - 1970s onwards, particularly 1980s - Beyond urban fringe - Single family housing, - Residential areas very segregated from industrial land uses - Requires car use b/c so far away Inner& Outer Suburbs - Inner suburbs o Smaller in scale - Outer suburbs o Larger scale o Large corporate developers o Big distance o Transportation difficult Inner Suburbs: ALderwood - Don’t need to rmb - Large backyard - Increasing density of thee places - Particularly dt core - Redeveloped into condo developments Outer Suburbs: Vaughan - Hwy 7 and Hwy 400 - Houses look a lot bigger but the lot size is smaller than inner suburb Case Studies: Canadian Cities - Ontario - Close to bodies of water - Vast majority of our cities located by lake Ontario  golden Horseshoe - Guelph represents a very good location for companies who want to tap into markets for ppl living in waterloo, but also has cheap land prices - Ottawa – gov’t city; - Oshawa – a de-industrializing city o Why is it still a growing city? b/c it has become a commuter suburb area with the lower property prices; Toronto - Best example of self-perpetuating city in Canada - Heart of industrialization - Recently transformed itself into a financial centre - Core of industrialism - Made se
More Less

Related notes for GGR246H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit