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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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Stephen Swales

Inner City vs. Suburban Densities Differences in design, density and accessibility are evident in  High density downtown offices and low density suburban office parks  High density inner-city residential use and low density suburban single- detached lots  High density downtown shopping centres (ex. Eaton Centre) and low density suburban shopping centres Land Value and Land Use Accessibility of Land Use > Land Value (Cost) > Land Use The Logic of Bid-rent/ Trade off models  Sites (land) vary in level of accessibility generally downtown is most accessible  Therefore they vary in value and cost  Because all land use (office, retail, industrial, recreational, residential, educational, etc.) potentially benefit from accessibility they will bid against each other for accessible sites (this is the Bid Rent Concept)  But the land users vary in the level of economic return they can get from the site; therefore they also vary in their ability to pay for occupying the site. Those most able to gain economically from the site occupy the site. (in main their decision the land users are “trading off” accessibility , which can give return but is costly and land area which cannot be afforded in large volume in high accessible sites)  A spatial sorting of land users results according to accessibility, economic return of land users, and ability to pay.. Office and retail at the core, residential on the periphery. Distribution of land-uses according to the Bid-Rent Model (ability to pay rent vs. Distance)  High to low- office/retail, industry, high density residential, medium density residential, low density residential, urban fringe activities, agriculture Bid-rent/Tradeoff models-observations  What kind of models are they? o An economic interpretation of where we find land uses o Economic models . but many other factors have influence: political, heritage, cultural, etc.  Contrast a typical suburban mall with the Eaton Centre Downtown  Apparent contradiction in the model “ poor occupy “best” land? Lower income individuals live in downtown. How can they afford to be there? o mid-high income individuals are able
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