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Lecture 5

Lecture 5-February 5-Urban Retail Hierarchy

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University of Toronto St. George
Herbert Kronzucker

Lecture 5: February 5 Key Geographical Concepts Demand and Distance: Spatial Demand Curve ? Fig. 2.2 ? Fig 2.3: shopping for convenience goods is more sensitive to distance than for shopping goods. Low order goods (eggs, milk) low distances frequent visits High order goods (shoes, furniture, etc) longer distances infrequent visits The Intra-Urban Retail Hierarchy Eg. Medical: doctor offices (close by) clinic hospital large specialized hospitals (longer distances) Eg. Educational. Elementary middle school high university Retail. Convenience store grocery store shopping mall. Retail characteristics and distributions within urban areas show a hierarchical pattern. At the bottom end of the hierarchy we have a large number of small convenience stores which are closely spaced and sell basic (low order) goods (ie bread, milk, eggs) to customers who travel to the store quite frequently over short distances. At the top end of the hierarchy we have a small number of very large regional shopping centres which are widely spaced and sell high order goods (eg fashion goods, shoes, furniture, etc) to customers who travel to the centres relatively infrequently over long distances. In between these two extremes we have a gradation of size and characteristics. The hierarchy suggests a relationship between the
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