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Lecture 5

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Stephen Swales

Rizvi Rahman GGR 252 Lecture 5 Read chapter 1-4 Land use  You can’t have two premiums at the same place for e.g. York University has a large land space whereas Ryerson is a very compact. But Ryerson has better accessibility whereas York University does not. There is a trade of which takes place  University of Toronto has relatively high accessibility as well a lot of land almost downtown  There are economic explanations for these land use differences Inner city v Suburban densities Differences in design, density and accessibility are evident in:  High density downtown offices and low density suburban office parks  High density inner city residential use and low density suburban single- detached lots  High density downtown shopping centre (e.g. Eaton Centre) and low density suburban shopping centers (unusual because it has less footprint but built vertically) Land value and land use Accessibility of land use land value (cost) Land use The Logic/ trade off models Sites (land) vary in level of accessibility generally downtown is most accessible Therefore they vary in value (cost) Because all land users (office, retail, industrial, recreational, residential, educational etc) potentially benefit from accessibility they will bid against each other for accessible site (this is the bid rent concept) But the land users in the of economic return they can get from the site, therefore they also vary in their ability to pay for occupying the site. Those most able to gain economically from the site occupy the site. (in making their decision the land users are trading off accessibility, which can give return but is costly, and land area which cannot be afforded in large volume in high accessible sites) A spatial sorting of land users results according to accessibility, economic return of land users and ability.. Rizvi Rahman Distribution of land uses according to the bid rent model The ability to pay rent rises if distance is closer to downtown Bid rent/ trade off models observations  What kind of models are they?  Economic models. But many other factors have influence: political, heritage, cultural etc. For e.g. economically you should
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