Class Notes (836,148)
Canada (509,657)
Geography (975)
GGR254H1 (29)
Lecture 4

GGR254 Lecture 4.rtf

6 Pages
227 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Geography
Course
GGR254H1
Professor
Robert Lewis
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture #4 - Resource economy: Mining, the Mesabi Range and the West The National Economy and Mining - David Meyer: America formed along regional lines - he argues that increasing economic-spatial specialization of national economy drives America's rise to industrial supremacy - He emphasized transportation and communication, the telegraph, railroads, they reduce the prices, increase the speed of movement of ideas and goods National Economy and Mining: 1. Physical geography - Physical character of the USA shapes economic development - Different sectors of the US are specialized in different minerals National Economy and Mining: 2. Integrative - Oil is mostly found in the south near Texas and Louisiana - Oil is integrated through pipelines, to supply the rest of the country for consumer and economic oil National Economy and Mining: 3. Regional complex formation - In Texas, for example, oil production (a) is a mix of urban and rural production-financial nodes (b) links the region to the rest of the US - You have settlements and transportation around oil deposits - People move to large cities such as Houston and Dallas to service these deposits National Economy and Mining: 4. Landscapes - Mineral extraction is responsible for the creation of varied landscapes - Being an oil town is much different than being an auto town like Detroit - Creates differing landscapes National Economy and Mining: 5. Dependency - The cities are dependent on the mineral, this is a problem if it runs out - Resource centres are vulnerable to fluctuations in the demand and accessibility of the product, which has long term negative impacts - Also dependent on the price of extracting the product -- the global market could control this Case Study: Mesabi Range - Extraction and manufacture of iron ore central to America's industrialization - Central area to the rise of America as an economic superpower - South of Ontario, North of Minnesota - Major deposit in the US - One of 4 ranges in N. Minnesota - 110 by 3 miles - A stratified formation running east-west - Markets: supplied the steel mills all over eastern US - Important between 1890s and 1950s (for skyscrapers, etc…) - It created specific landscapes: - Mining - open pit - Urban - dependent towns - Infrastructure - railroads, etc… - Hibbing, MN: built around the extraction and distribution of iron ore to the manufacturing belt's blast furnaces - Iron ore from Mesabi fed the steels mills of the Manufacturing belt - Iron ore was part of the construction of work and living spaces - Such as the steel producing districts of Chicago, far from the iron ore mines Mining and the West - Part of regional specialization, copper, gold, silver were key (gold boosted the growth of California) - The west became a resource hinterland to the manufacturing belt - "The great warehouse of raw materials" - The region supplies the Atlantic-based industrial system The West: The frontier - Directly linked to the rise of agriculture, ranching, and mining - Growing population builds up western states - From 1850 to 1920, percentage of overall population goes from 0.7% to 6.7% of total US The West: Investment and the government open up the frontier - Capital is driving this - Capitalism is driving this economy - Based on investment, which is linked to - Land policy -- privatization of land - Resource discovery - government and corporations investing money and time into this - Mining leases - Military -- bring law and order into the mining regions, kick out the natives The West: Investment and corporate capital - We start to see large corporations controlled from the major Eastern cities - Ownership of mines and control over mineral production quickly taken over by eastern- based corporations The West: investment and transportation technologies - The government gives railroad companies lots of free land to built their lines - They integrate the West into national and international world - They connect western mines to eastern factories The West: Grabbing Native Indian land - Pacifying the native population centred around usurping property, building settlements, and creating state policy The West: Phelps Dodge and Copper - The NYC copper company, Phelps Dodge is a great illustration of the forces that made the western mining landscape - Became a large multinational corporation due to lucrative copper mining Phelps Dodge: Outside corporate control - Control over finance, production etc. from outside the region, Phelps Dodge was run from NYC - Lack of control within the region/regional Phelps Dodge: Spatial shi
More Less

Related notes for GGR254H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit