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GGR271 study guide weeks 2&3.doc

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Matti Siemiatycki

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Introduction to Data sources and MethodsWeek 2Epistemological positions a branch of philosophy concerned with what constitutes knowledge and how knowledge is acquiredPositivismoScience is the basis of all the laws that explain human behaviouroOnly scientific testing can lead to knowledgeoTheory generates hypotheses that can be testedoScience is value freeoDistinction between science and normative statementsoAdvocates using the methods of the natural sciences in the study of social realityIntrepretivismoSeek to understand human behaviouroCannot separate the researcher from the researchedUnderstand human role in their own surroundingsoResearch should be action oriented research informs and shapes social changeoRequires the social scientist to grasp the subjective meanings that people attach to their actions and behavioursOntological Positions a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature of reality whether social entities are considered objective and external to social actors or are they social constructions built up through perceptions and actions of these actorsObjectivismoSocial phenomena exist beyond the reach ofindividualsoOrganizations have rules and regulations that possess an external reality
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