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Geography of Transnationalism Lecture- Nov 22.doc

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Rachel Silvey

Geography of Transnationalism Lecture November 22, 2012 Truong • You cant understand Asia’s growth without paying attention to gendered labour relations that go into making Asian economic growth • Emphasizes factory labour • Peletz: in addition to labour, we also have to look at the politics of the sex industry and how it developed around Bangkok in relation to the Vietnam war o “bodies on the line”- Asian female bodies being functional to the development of the economies of the time. Low income o after the Asian crisis, there was a great deal of revisioning within economic cirlces- when the economic crisis hit asia and their currencies were devalued, “Asian flu”, you saw development scholars revisiting their frameworks and thinking about what mistakes they might have made in their development plans but they did not think about gender and maybe that the problems were those divided along gender lines [more women entered the sex industry for low wages and the crisis intensified the gender inequalities]. • Major currency devaluations in 1977 known as the Asian Flu caused an increase in human trafficking- lots of people lost their jobs and needed to make ends meet and saw themselves looking for any way they could to try and make money • Truong points out the crisis was bad and trafficking did increase, but the patterns were very similar in terms of who was getting most harmed and disadvantaged [prior to the crisis and afterwards] o “Asian miracle” was not a miracle at all and was actual labour and hard work that showed profits as GDP work but it was based on very low wage, precarious labour. The crisis led people to rethink what sorts of paradigms should be used for development o She points out scholars didn’t question the miracle but she did o The gendered labour has been happening for a long time, but its only been questioned in a large fashion by large global networks of women recently because of things like the Internet that allow it to reach the global scale. She argues that there has been a reawakening of global civil society and an Asian women’s movement that has operated in reaction to some of the problems that are long standing o Control and use of women and girls for sexual profit and sexual labour is not new and goes back in human history o The reaction and government policies funding antitrafficking is a social phenomenon- scholars argue that far from stopping problems of the women, it creates an environment for traffickers to find new routes to access new markets and ways to escape surveillance and just gives people ideas that they can make money off of it • Live in caregiver program: after two years, if th
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