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GGR321H1 (7)
Lecture 3

GGR246 Lecture 3.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GGR321H1
Professor
Deborah Leslie
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 3 – The Economic Base of Canada Impact here in Canada – regional scale. (not Canada in the position of the world) – Assignment Physical Geography and the Economy of Canada - Atlantic Canada – fisheries (collapse in this industry), now oil; hydro in Newfoundland - Quebec – mining; hydro; forestry; manufacturing; big engineering firms (Bombardier, aerospace) - Ontario – manufacturing (auto – Southern Ontario) (Magna, Food), finance, mining, forestry (northern); farming (agriculture) in Southern Ontario (resource economy) - Prairies – farming/ranching (cows), potash (fertilizer) and mining - Alberta – ranching; oil (financing) - BC- fishing; farming in Okanagan valley; mining; natural gas; gateway shipping (trade with Asia, China) (western is heavily involved with resource) - Northern Canada: mining (resource – significant dependency on resources) Hewers of Wood, Drawers of Water - Stapes theory: Canada’s place as in the world – periphery involvement, resource economy - Economy at its earliest phase, natural resource extraction – lowest – manufacturing production does not happen – early 20 century – selling goods to Britain and they put value added and sell. (core and periphery relationship) - Price discrepancy – Canada being undervalued, hinterland as a periphery relationship - As a country matures - Manufacturing production may as well occur in local settings (Quebec, Ontario) - Shift in trade route (west (resource extraction) to east (manufacturing) rather than Canada to other country) - Country based on resource extraction is cynical – based global price – it could fluctuate very much – unstable economy. Stapes Theory - Regional and cultural impacts - Early period - Fur trade – native trappers – local impacts - Farming – resources – needed collective collaboration – collective institutions and boards – try to gain some powers from producers – agglomerating confederation - Oil being a critical staple in Canada – oil sands – this staple has different social, physical impacts – magnitude of pollution being produced in this environment – centralization of finance monopolized in a few institutions (profits) – local benefits – - What the staple is relevant to understand in social and environment settings - Creative economy – knowledge-based economy in Toronto Channing Economic Structure of Canada - Different phases – now at a phase of tertiary (Internet, coffee – services) rising portion - Clear regional dynamics – Western being very high
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