Class Notes (839,150)
Canada (511,218)
Geography (975)
GGR327H1 (27)

GGR327 Lec 3 Poststructural Feminism.pdf

3 Pages

Course Code
Deborah Leslie

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Film Essay due Oct 15 Lec 3 Poststructural Feminism September-23-13 prof office or geography main office 11:02 AM - gender and space - how these relate within the film Third Wave Feminism II: Poststructural Feminism - Further critique of category of 'woman' - Theorists challenge the dominance of gender - Gender / 'woman' = dominant category - Notion of intersectionality, gender intersects other aspects such as age and race; one defines another - Poststructural theory - originated in France ○ Idea that woman share something in common - As a term, gender became more popular in political usage in the 1960s, largely replacing sex ○ Replace language of sex with the language of gender ○ Focus was on 'gender' - Sex = biological differences between men and women ○ Differences in hormones, anatomy, chromosomes - Gender = socially constructed differences ○ Socially constructed, and distinct from sex - Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex 1949 ○ In the book, she talks about the way one is born has nothing to do with gender ○ Argues that "One is not born [a woman], but rather becomes a woman…" ○ Focus on existence rather than essence - Challenges notion of biological determinism - Undermines the notion that women's supposed inferiority in physical strength and mental agility is natural ○ Argues that there is nothing natural about this inferiority - it is produced by society - Through the design of societies and cities, this inferiority is emphasized - Linda Nicholson: (describes gender as coat hanger) ○ Sex is the basic frame on which different coats are hung (gender) in different times and places Poststructural Feminism - An approach to knowledge and society that embraces the undecidability of meaning - Originated from France - Skepticism toward theories based on underlying structures that claim to have discovered truths about the world - Weary of Marxism for example ○ Marxism try to understand the world through capitalism and class structure, to determine one's identity ○ Poststructuralist theory is skeptical of these theories - 3 strands ○ Deconstruction ○ Genealogy ○ Performativity Deconstruction theory - Associated with french Jacques Derrida - 1990s - Law of identity and self-presence Assumption in western society - e.g. if that building is a factory, then that building is definitely a factory, and if a man is a man, then ○ he is a man. ○ Idea that things are self-evident, things are obvious - Law of non-contradiction ○ If a building is a factory … then it can't be a home ○ If a man is a man, he can't be a woman - Law of excluded middle ○ Binaries ○ Black/white no gray area (or middle ground) - Think of things in terms of oppositions or exclusions rather than similarities or mixtures - This pattern of thought gives us stable and bounded boundaries that are defined in terms of negation (in terms of what they're not) - Taken together, these laws give us identities that are stable, bounded, and constituted via negation - Logocentrism: Western pattern of producing meaning through binary structure of positive and negative ○ Binary mode of thinking - we only think of two opposites, positive and negative, one or the other ○ Set of deeply internalized dualisms structure our identities ○ We think of gender as opposites ○ Men and woman are different = deeply internalized, this is how we understand ourselves - Phallogocentrism: way figure of masculine endows presence and positivity to one side of the binary ○ Gender values are attached to the notion of this binary Men Women Rational Irrational Scientific Emotional Culture Nature - Mind Body Independence Dependence Power Powerless Production Reproduction Lectures Page 1 Production Reproduction - These binaries shape the world - In terms of space: Public Private Outside Inside - Work Home - We still associate home with women and women to be in private - These binaries determine our thinking - Derrida's strategy is to:  Revalue the subordinate term - Feminist theorists say that there is more hours performed at home than at work (such as caring for kids, preparing meals, mending clothes, and other chores) - Blur boundaries - The workplace and home have blurred boundaries Genealogy and discourse analysis - Michel Foucault - French historian, - Examine how knowledge and meanings become normalized and accepted as 'truth' - Constructions of meanings are enactments of power - The things we come to accept are true are tied to power - Power not held from above, not located in all encompassing structures like the state, capitalism, or patriarchy - Interested in governance beyond the state - Power spread across a range of smaller institutions such as the prison, school, factory, hospital, asylum, media - Micro-politics of power - Power is not a force from above but rather operates from the bottom up - Repression (told what to do and what not to do) - a force from above - Power constructs individuals that conform to certain ideals, people are defined and reproduced in according to the aim of power ○ e.g. schools and other institutions, actors are formed which conform and behave according to certain norms Citizens are formed and produced ○ ○ Idea of power coming from below ○ Doing things upon one's own will, and not through force - Foucault book on discipline and the prison - Power does not operate through prohibition and control, but by producing subjects in accordance with its aims - Operates through knowledge, classification, normalization - Reaches into our bodies ○ The body is central to power ○ The body is controlled through power - Social body and individual body - Biopower: concept that recognizes the significance of the body to power and power over entire populations - Set of mechanisms through which the basic biological features of the human species because an object of political strategy - Regulation of sexuality, health, reproductive practices, family, other customs and habits - The history of Sexuality ○ 18th and 19thc, sexuality was put into discourse ○ Sexuality become a conversa
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.