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GGR327H1 (27)

Lecture 1

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University of Toronto St. George
Deborah Leslie

LECTURE 1 What is feminist geography? - A role of space in maintaining women's inequality - the construction of masculinity and femininity: how do notions of masculinity and femininity vary across the time -context specific between man and women/constrained by rules and regulations of gender - Interested in the relationship between gender based inequality and other forms of age, class, race, nationality Geography History: Women and the Geographical Tradition - Geography history is mainly populated by men (quoted by Gillian Rose) • Vermeer, The Geographer (1668) was the observer projects the recording of the features of the world •Royal Geographic Society (1827) was the organization which was created for the improvement of geographical knowledge •Livingstone/ Shackleton and Captain Scott were other well-known male geographers - Royal Geographic Society refused to admit women until 1913-1915 - History remains but still only small number of percentage for female geographers work for the geographic sector (Kobayashi found that only 2 percent of Canadian geographers are colored women) Why the absence of women in geography's history? (a) Geography's imperialist origins = to protect of colonization; imperialist ties continue; • tradition of exploration/conquering seen as male • colonies feminized; what Annie McClintock refers to as the porno-tropics of the European imagination; in her book male travellers are always stated where they've been visited during the exploration and which usually involves in feminized terms • male:clothed,active,vertical,sea,imperial power vs female: unclothed,passive,land,naked subservience,horizontal (from the painting:America) • conquest a techonoloy of possession, but also a site of fear and anxiety (b) geo as "science" construction of the discipline as a practical,field-based,rational,objective profession thus women really didn't fit it into that construction • especially after Darwin 1859 Origin of Species • spawned an interest in historical animal and plant geology,geography, geomorphology • women deemed incapable of contributing to and unsuitable for the practice of scientific geography • females were barred from universities until the late 19th c • growing institutionalization of geography as a 'science' led to amatuer/professional distinction • Edith Holden and Beautrix Potter: wrote by female but very unusal because it was based on species/animals category by travelling around the world (women travel writers) • scientific geo - field based "dirty boots" geography however, w
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