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Lecture 9

LECTURE 9.docx

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Deborah Leslie

22 November 2010 Community, exclusion and the new urbanism  A) exclusionary in terms of race - Community is always excluded and included with people; today community is very diverse in terms of class, race, and physical forms. - Markovich and Hendler(2006): Cornell; Markham : compared to Markham as a whole: more white : more exclusionary than traditional suburbs : notion of diversity can create a bond between neighbours but it can also create exclusionary  B) exclusionary in terms of class - Talen (2010) vast majority of new urbanist projects in the US are not within the reach of middle and low-income families - Only 15 percent of were affordable to someone making an Area Median Income - Cornell: found that higher percentage of university graduates than Markham; suggest a correlation between graduates and income - McCann: geographer who suggests that new urbanism linked to class distinction - Individual distinguishes themselves from the others by the consumption patterns - New middle class distinguishes themselves from the traditional middle class. In effort to distinguishes themselves, they had to change their consumption patterns (life style) - House part of symbolic capital- gives owners a sense of respectability, difference - New urbanism: an elite family environment that differentiates new middle class from ordinary suburban residents - Harey (2000); new urbanism may take suburbs better places to live; however, it does nothing to revitalise decaying urban areas - Abandons and excludes urban underclass; focuses on tastes, and creates greenfield sites for affluent, ignores other scales - Nostalgic and spatially limited; addressing the past rather than hearing the presents  C) The gender politics of the new urbanism - Meant to challenge dysfunctional family of suburbs - Langdon says new urbanism is positive for him because it established a more ‘family- oriented way of life’ based on ‘togetherness; - According to Falconer Al Hindi and Staddon, neotraditonal planning supports the view that women and children belong in safe protected communities’ - Ads for Seaside depict heterosexual paterttns and children - Foundnenvident of “outsize” families, stay at home moms - But some diversity in family from, and dual incomes necessary in most cases - Ross argues new urban design aims to make women’s lives easier - To ensure that suburban women are no longer chauffeurs, prisoners of subdivisions with no amenities, services or work - Daycare, schools within walking distance - Kinder on women’s’ schedules - This compact post suburban town designed to reinforce ‘family bonds’ but it does so by trying to make women’s lives easier - women not interested in close amenities, mostly drive, few opportunities to uphold feminist planning principles  Conservative or progressive?  Conclusion - Contemporary anxiety causes multiple reactions, including longing for traditional forms of community th - Nostalgia for between Early 20 century or middle century working class community - Like all forms of community, new urbanism exclusionary - Neotraditonalism stems from utopian impulse that is also authoritarian - Changing the space can be the problematic notion against modernist - Jane Jacobs preserves inner city of community - In order to be truly urban, places requires a degree of ‘out-of controlness’ and a genuinely diverse from of city life where groups live together without forming single ‘community’ - Instead of bucolic or imaginary past, urban design would celebrate the strange the novel - Create spaces for encountering difference rather than affirming sameness - Utopianism can be negative; ideal community RACE, CLASS, GENDER AND THE STATE OF EXCEPTION: THE CASE OF DOMESTIC WORK  Focus on difficulties women have combining home and work responsibilities  Increasing employment of nannies and cleaners  Un
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