Midterm feb 16 (during our class) Format and review will be the week before the exam! Agglomeration- concentration of activities (competitive or collaborative) and space. Economic benefits accruing to concentration of activities in space. Localization- close proximity to similar firms. Urbanization- locating in an urban environment. 200 bc mecico and peru. Largest of the ancient cities was rome. Close to 1 million by 2 ad. Athens, sparta on greek mainland by 800 bc. Urbanism spread through mediterranean from greece. Planned greek cities developed a gridiron pattern. Many roman cities had this pattern, also: Square or rectangular town perimeter. 2 main cross- streets (runs east west- decumanus and north south- cardo) Example: n- s: younge and e- w: bloor. Early urban development- to 5th century ad. Middle period urbanization- 5th- 17th century ad. French bastides (medieval french city) Forum went to discuss the events of the day; government sat there. Slow growth of european cities 5th- 17th centuries.