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Lecture 4, Urbanization Leisure

Course Code
Deborah Cowen

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Lecture 4,
Urbanization Leisure
Working life in the Post-industrial City
Deindustrialization and the movement of production
The new economy and precarious work
The post-industrial urban landscape
Today’s Questions
How has worked changed?
When did work change?
Where did work change?
In what ways does work make and remake the city?
Post-industrial Urbanism?
1) Deindustrialisation and the movement of production
a.International change (last week’s class)
b. Regional change
c.The urban landscape
2) The new economy and precarious work
Growth of the service sector
Expansion of knowledge intensive occupations
Precarious work
2) The post-industrial urban landscape
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Gentrification and segregation
Changing aesthetic norms and forms
Regional change
Steel Belt – which is now called Roosevelt
Traditional industrial heartland
Consolidated as a distinct region in the era of water transport
Railroad development after 1860s helped to integrate the region
For the most of the 20th century this region was the core of the US industrial economy
Rust Belt
Massive job loss during the late 1970s through the 1980s as production moved offshore
and to the southwest
Between 1979-1986, 5 states lost 990, 000 (or 20%) manufacturing jobs
Rise of ‘spatial mismatch’ in cities, (Mismatch where the jobs are and where the
industrial labour force is)
New South
Tremendous growth in manufacturing int eh south during the 1970-80s (Texas 30%,
Florida 47%, Nevada 126% and California 34%)
Growth of research & design, telecommunications, and the other defence related high
technology industries (directly related to defence contracts)
New weapons – high tech production
Other growth industries: low wage manufacturing (42% of southern economy compared
with 29% nationally), energy, tobacco, textiles, food processing, lumber
‘Right to Work states and the legacy of slavery and social polarization, foreign direct
investment ( states that are based on low wages, which makes it hard to increase wages)
(Whatever is happening in the east, is related to the relationship with the American south)
Canada has been called the most highly regionalized of UN industrialized market economies
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