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Lecture

Lecture 5, Urban politics

3 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Deborah Cowen

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Lecture 5, Politics
Today,
1. Informal evaluation
2. Urban politics within and beyond city hall
3. Special guest, Math Galloway
Today’s questions:
What is urban politics?
How are different levels of government involved in urban politics?
Do formal politics have a monopoly on the political?
What kinds of things do municipal governments do?
What are the various actors, institutions and spaces involved in governing the city?
Urban politics within city hall
Municipal government in canada
Canadas municipal system is modeled almost entirely on the British system.
• In the 19th century, the British Parliament established a national municipal
system in order to implement and finance central government policies locally.
• In Canada too, municipalities were created in the interests of elites and central
government (not out of concern for democracy).
• Participation in local government was restricted to male property owners.CHECK SLIDE
‘Creatures of the Provinces
• Canadian municipalities have no legal standing in the Constitution.
• Court challenge in response to 1997 Ontario municipal amalgamations
affirmed municipalities’ status as ‘creatures of the province.
• Provincial governments have the right to create or dissolve municipalities.
• Provinces also control education, health care, higher education, social services,
and transport.
The federal role in Canadian cities
• The federal government has no direct legislative authority over cities.
• The impact of the federal government is significant, however. i.e- fiscal policy,
government transfer policy, immigration policy, national security policy, labour
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Description
Lecture 5, Politics Today, 1. Informal evaluation 2. Urban politics within and beyond city hall 3. Special guest, Math Galloway Todays questions: What is urban politics? How are different levels of government involved in urban politics? Do formal politics have a monopoly on the political? What kinds of things do municipal governments do? What are the various actors, institutions and spaces involved in governing the city? Urban politics within city hall Municipal government in canada Canadas municipal system is modeled almost entirely on the British system. In the 19th century, the British Parliament established a national municipal system in order to implement and finance central government policies locally. In Canada too, municipalities were created in the interests of elites and central governme
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