Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSG (50,000)
Geography (500)
GGR124H1 (200)
Lecture

Bullet point notes of topics covered in lecture


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy

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GGR124: Lecture 1
x Course revolves around the macro study of cities in the contemporary and historical context
x North American urban layout is based on the Greek and Roman models
x The city is a system: urban system
x The micro approach (the individual city) consists of studying the internal relationships between
the various elements of cities
x The latter view regroups the social, economical end infrastructural factors that interact with
each other
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x Urbanization concepts will cover the methodology of urban geographical study
x Urban growth and evolution will delve into the progress of cities
x The purposes of urban centres and their subsectors will be evaluated
x Cities consist of a social space
x Housing is the prime component in urban social development
x City governance determines how it functions in relation to all other levels of government
x Urban: permanent settlement of a concentrated, dense population. The social mass is entirely
heterogeneous (Wirth 1938); cities consist of the basic and fundamental cultural institution
(Mumford 1961); places of intense social interaction and exchange between strangers (Bunting
and Filion 2010)
x Essentially a city is a concentration of people and activities in a specific location
x Proximity, density and diversity are the key elements defining the activities
x Urbanization explains the shifting balance between the urban and rural areas; proportion of the
population living in urban areas and how it affects policy factors
x Counter urbanization is the balance [population]shifting towards rural areas
x Rural population growth gets higher than the urban one you get counter-urbanization
x The urban hierarchy is organized by size
x Metropolitan areas are large, fast growing urban areas (at the top of urban hierarchy)
x Suburbanization: shifting population balance between suburban portions of the metropolitan
area
x Urban areas are defines using population (ex, minimum size, density),
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