Class Notes (922,693)
CA (542,941)
UTSG (45,883)
Geography (1,039)
GGR124H1 (208)
Lecture

Overview of all points covered in lecture

2 Pages
134 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
GGR 124: Lecture 3
Growth of Urban Spaces
x Early urban development was often the result of standard birth rates, making for smaller cities
x These areas had the necessary social surplus to grow
x Of the biggest of the ancient cities was Rome (1 million by 2 AD)
x In Greece, the mainland cities moved their conquest towards the Mediterranean
x These new Greek cities developed the gridiron pattern
x Roman cities made effective use of perimeter structure and cross streets
x European city growth came to a slowdown after the 5th-17th centuries due to a decrease in
spatial interaction after the fall of the Roman Empire
x Urban centres became isolated and paranoid
x Mercantilism emerges and isolation dissipates
x Mercantilism developed state controlled economies based on conquest and trade
x Capitalism reduced the role of the state transforming cities into industrial centres
x The most significant urban expansion occurred under the industrial revolution
x In the 19th century cities became the big centres of population
x Market specialisation became the key economic factor for the prosperity of urban centres
x North American urbanization was largely the result of colonial trade posts growing into urban
centres
x The greater part of North American urbanization was influenced by the British
x Quebec was founded in 1608 and Montreal in 1620 by the French
x Westward movement of colonization in the 19th century
x Borchert (1967) identifies 4 key phases of North American urbanisation; these phases shaped
the size and location of cities in addition to their urban structure
x Borcherts model is largely based on specific advances in technology, more specifically
transportation technology
x (Phase I) Frontier Mercantilism 1790-1830: first US census took into account where people were
living determining that the Atlantic cities were the key trading posts (NYC, Philadelphia, Boston,
Halifax; these commercial centres would turn into cities with little industry but plenty of natural
resources
x (Phase II) Early Industrial Capitalism 1830-1870: this period focused on the new steam
technology provided by the industrial revolution; cities on inland rivers emerged to trade with
the coastal cities; the internal structure of cities also changed thanks to new technologies with
the emergence of waterfront districts (harbours and shantytowns) and carriage suburbs (quality
residential)
x (Phase III) National Industrial Capitalism 1870-1930: the continent becomes fully urbanized from
Halifax to Los Angeles thanks to the completion of the railroad in 1869; this period sees the
emergence of new urban centre further in the west; cities develop more specialisation as
industrial centres, government centres, leisure centres, etc.; land use now becomes more
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
GGR 124: Lecture 3 Growth of Urban Spaces N Early urban development was often the result of standard birth rates, making for smaller cities N These areas had the necessary social surplus to grow N Of the biggest of the ancient cities was Rome (1 million by 2 AD) N In Greece, the mainland cities moved their conquest towards the Mediterranean N These new Greek cities developed the gridiron pattern N Roman cities made effective use of perimeter structure and cross streets N European city growth came to a slowdown after the 5 -17 centuries due to a decrease in spatial interaction after the fall of the Roman Empire N Urban centres became isolated and paranoid N Mercantilism emerges and isolation dissipates N Mercantilism developed state controlled economies based on conquest and trade N Capitalism reduced the role of the state transforming cities into industrial centres N The most significant urban expansion occurred under the industrial revolution N In the 19 century cities became the big centres of population N Market specialisation became the key economic factor for the prosperity of urban centres N North American urbanization was largely the result of colonial trade posts growing into urban centres N The greater part of North American urbanization was influenced by the British N Quebec was founded in 1608 and Montreal in 1620 by the French N Westward movement of colonization in the 19 centu
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit