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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Notes


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy
Lecture
3

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Cliff Lau University of Toronto
GGR124 Lecture 3 (January 26, 2011)
Early Urban Development up to 5th century AD
1.4000-3500BC Mesopotamia
2.3000BC Nile Valley
3.2500BC Indus Valley
4.2000BC Yellow River
5.200BC Mexico and Peru
Generally, very early cities were small (2000-20,000 people)
Largest of the ancient cities was Rome
1.Close to 1m by 2AD
Athens, Sparta on Creek mainland by 800BC
Urbanism spread through Mediterranean from Greece
Planned Greek cities developed a gridiron pattern
Many Roman cities had this pattern, also:
1.Square or rectangular town perimeter
2.2 main cross-streets (E-W called Decumanus; N-S Cardo)
Middle Period Urbanization 5th 17th century AD
Slow growth of European cities
Why?
Decrease in spatial interaction after Roman Empire fell
Disruption of urban and rural interaction
Increased isolation
Over time, commerce expanded function of the city mercantilism
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