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GGR124H1 (208)
Lecture

March 9th's Lecture

3 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy

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March 9, 2011
-use some logic to organize the year comparisons for your neighbourhood in
the assignment (1970, 1975, 1980, etc.)
-0-14 and 65+ are called the dependency groups
-look at average household income
-use median household income
-click CMA/tracted CA name option at bottom right of page
-then put in census track name in box
The Theory of Filtering
-used to explain changes in housing occupancy over time
-developed by Hoyt
-Typically, highest incomes occupy expensive homes
-vacate these as they move from city core
-next highest income group occupy the vacated homes
-their homes sold to lower income groups
‘Reverse Filtering or Gentrification
-filtering existed in Canada up to the 1970s
-since then, a process of reverse filtering has been occurring
-also referred to as Gentrification
Gentrification-Classic Stage Model
-example: Yorkville, Berlin
-low income to trendy
-stages:
1. Original ‘Pioneers’: stores and services in the area are geared towards the
lower income population, artists move in
2. Block by Block Expansion: happens over a long period of time, money starts
to flow into neighbourhood, professionals move in (teachers, civil servants),
more investment, cheap coffee shops closed down, Starbucks moves in,
neighbourhood loses its edge and the reason the original pioneers moved
there in the first place and they do not feel part of the community anymore so
they move
3. Transformation into Exclusive District: 180 degree change, now an investment
opportunity, lawyers, bankers move in, invest in the older rooming houses get
renovated and are three times the price, high-end shops open and high
income population moves back into the citys core
-never confuse class with income, just because one earns a lot of money does not
necessarily mean they are “high class
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Description
March 9, 2011 -use some logic to organize the year comparisons for your neighbourhood in the assignment (1970, 1975, 1980, etc.) -0-14 and 65+ are called the dependency groups -look at average household income -use median household income -click CMAtracted CA name option at bottom right of page -then put in census track name in box The Theory of Filtering -used to explain changes in housing occupancy over time -developed by Hoyt -Typically, highest incomes occupy expensive homes -vacate these as they move from city core -next highest income group occupy the vacated homes -their homes sold to lower income groups Reverse Filtering or Gentrification -filtering existed in Canada up to the 1970s -since then, a process of reverse filtering has been occurring -also referred to as Gentrification Gentrification-Classic Stage Model -example: Yorkville, Berlin -low income to trendy -stages: 1. Original Pioneers:
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