Urban Planning and Policy

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March 16, 2011
Urban Planning and Policy
-urban policy and planning influences urban development
Examples of planning include:
1. Zoning
-the driver of urbanization
-the bottle neck of urbanization
-cities are structured as different zoning centres
-for example, a factory would not be located in a housing zone
-the zoning process is broad and makes the laws of what you can and cannot do on your
property
2. Location of various facilities
-can you put a stadium in the downtown core or should it go outside of the city centre
-can you turn old factory land into residential housing?
3. Community development, etc..
Planners are:
-concerned with the management of urban change
-often seen as mediators between social purpose and the city form
-what is the social purpose of the city? How is the physical shape of a city related to the
purpose?
Trans-historical Issues
-NIMBY (not in my backyard), LULUs and BANANAs (google these)
-build absolutely nothing near anyone
-reform, reproduction or revolution?
-efficacy of planning
-how effective is the role of planning?
-or could individuals decide better for themselves
-planning for whom?
-are we planning for individuals or all citizens?
Baron Haussmans Paris slide
-his plan to change Paris after the French revolution
Modern Urban Planning
-powerful system of planning evolved in the UK
-characteristic is a strong government roles especially at the national level
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

For example, a factory would not be located in a housing zone. The zoning process is broad and makes the laws of what you can and cannot do on your property: location of various facilities. Can you put a stadium in the downtown core or should it go outside of the city centre. Can you turn old factory land into residential housing: community development, etc Often seen as mediators between social purpose and the city form. Nimby (not in my backyard), lulus and bananas (google these) His plan to change paris after the french revolution. Powerful system of planning evolved in the uk. Characteristic is a strong government roles especially at the national level www. notesolution. com. Belief was the state could address the worst excesses of the urban industrial system. Represented in a reformist movement that attempted to design utopian towns. Examples: george cadbury"s bournville, ebenezer howard"s garden cities.

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