GGR124H1 Lecture Notes - Frank Lloyd Wright, City Beautiful Movement, Broadacre City

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Published on 7 Apr 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Geography
Course
GGR124H1
Professor
Geography
March 16
1City as a Social Space
Locational Expression of Segregation
Colonies
Particular area of city serves as ‘port-of-entry’
Temporary phenomenon – very short term
Enclaves
Exist over several generations
Congregation for functional reasons
Locating there because of choice
Offensive group
Ghettoes
Exist over several generations
Arise due to discrimination
Defensive mechanism group
Urban Policy and Planning
Influences urban development
Examples of planning include:
oZoning
oLocation of various facilities
oCommunity development – developing, building, regenerating communities.
Planners are:
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Geography
March 16
2
oConcerned with the management of urban change
Trans-historical issues
NIMBYs (not in my back yard), LULUs (locally undesirable land use), and BANANAs
(built absolutely nothing anywhere near anyone)
Reform, reproduction, or revolution?
Efficacy of planning
Planning for whom?
Baron Haussmans Paris to recreate an older version of Paris
Modern Urban Planning
Powerful system of planning evolved in the UK
Characteristic is a strong government role especially at the national level
Urban planning as a discipline or practice emerged in the UK in the 19th century
Belief was the state could address the worst excesses of the urban industrial system
Represented in a reformist movement that attempted to design utopian towns
oGeorge Cadburys Bournville (an industrial city where people actually wanted to
live)
oEbenezer Howards Garden Cities
Trying to plan an industrial town. Based on these principles:
Each Garden City would have a pop. Of 32000
City would be self supporting
Diversity of activity
Spacious layout
Greenbelt separating the town from other towns and particular
activities
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Geography
March 16
3
Public ownership of land. Land was help in common and not
individually owned
UK Regional Development Agencies (RDA)
Le Corbusier – City of Towers
French Architect
Extreme density with spaciousness
Two models
oContemporary city
oRadiant city
For Le Corbusier
oLand held in common
oExtreme functional separation – greenspace
oIdeal city had pop. Of 3 million
oClusters of buildings linked by road or rail
Corbusier and Public Housing
North America has emphasised high apartment buildings separated by greenspace. Drawn
from the Corbusier.
oEx. St. James Town – Toronto.
North American Urban Planning
Roots in 19th century – Progressive Intellectuals
Government regulation of business, employment, and policing in cities.
Emergence of City Beautiful Movement
Advocated the city as a work of art – cities as gardens
Development of mater-plans for land-use
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Document Summary

Colonies: particular area of city serves as port-of-entry", temporary phenomenon very short term. Enclaves: exist over several generations, congregation for functional reasons, locating there because of choice, offensive group. Ghettoes: exist over several generations, arise due to discrimination, defensive mechanism group. Influences urban development: examples of planning include, zoning, location of various facilities, community development developing, building, regenerating communities, planners are: www. notesolution. com. 2: concerned with the management of urban change. T rans-historical issues: nimbys (not in my back yard), lulus (locally undesirable land use), and bananas. March 16 (built absolutely nothing anywhere near anyone: reform, reproduction, or revolution, efficacy of planning, planning for whom, baron haussman"s paris to recreate an older version of paris. Based on these principles: each garden city would have a pop. Of 32000: city would be self supporting, diversity of activity, spacious layout, greenbelt separating the town from other towns and particular activities www. notesolution. com. Land was help in common and not individually owned.