GGR124H1 Lecture Notes - Frank Lloyd Wright, City Beautiful Movement, Broadacre City
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1City as a Social Space
Locational Expression of Segregation
•Particular area of city serves as ‘port-of-entry’
•Temporary phenomenon – very short term
•Exist over several generations
•Congregation for functional reasons
•Locating there because of choice
•Exist over several generations
•Arise due to discrimination
•Defensive mechanism group
Urban Policy and Planning
•Influences urban development
•Examples of planning include:
oLocation of various facilities
oCommunity development – developing, building, regenerating communities.
oConcerned with the management of urban change
•NIMBYs (not in my back yard), LULUs (locally undesirable land use), and BANANAs
(built absolutely nothing anywhere near anyone)
•Reform, reproduction, or revolution?
•Efficacy of planning
•Planning for whom?
•Baron Haussman’s Paris to recreate an older version of Paris
Modern Urban Planning
•Powerful system of planning evolved in the UK
•Characteristic is a strong government role especially at the national level
•Urban planning as a discipline or practice emerged in the UK in the 19th century
•Belief was the state could address the worst excesses of the urban industrial system
•Represented in a reformist movement that attempted to design utopian towns
oGeorge Cadbury’s Bournville (an industrial city where people actually wanted to
oEbenezer Howard’s Garden Cities
Trying to plan an industrial town. Based on these principles:
•Each Garden City would have a pop. Of 32000
•City would be self supporting
•Diversity of activity
•Greenbelt separating the town from other towns and particular
•Public ownership of land. Land was help in common and not
UK Regional Development Agencies (RDA)
Le Corbusier – City of Towers
•Extreme density with spaciousness
•For Le Corbusier
oLand held in common
oExtreme functional separation – greenspace
oIdeal city had pop. Of 3 million
oClusters of buildings linked by road or rail
Corbusier and Public Housing
•North America has emphasised high apartment buildings separated by greenspace. Drawn
from the Corbusier.
oEx. St. James Town – Toronto.
North American Urban Planning
•Roots in 19th century – Progressive Intellectuals
•Government regulation of business, employment, and policing in cities.
•Emergence of City Beautiful Movement
•Advocated the city as a work of art – cities as gardens
•Development of mater-plans for land-use
Colonies: particular area of city serves as port-of-entry", temporary phenomenon very short term. Enclaves: exist over several generations, congregation for functional reasons, locating there because of choice, offensive group. Ghettoes: exist over several generations, arise due to discrimination, defensive mechanism group. Influences urban development: examples of planning include, zoning, location of various facilities, community development developing, building, regenerating communities, planners are: www. notesolution. com. 2: concerned with the management of urban change. T rans-historical issues: nimbys (not in my back yard), lulus (locally undesirable land use), and bananas. March 16 (built absolutely nothing anywhere near anyone: reform, reproduction, or revolution, efficacy of planning, planning for whom, baron haussman"s paris to recreate an older version of paris. Based on these principles: each garden city would have a pop. Of 32000: city would be self supporting, diversity of activity, spacious layout, greenbelt separating the town from other towns and particular activities www. notesolution. com. Land was help in common and not individually owned.