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GGR246H1 Lecture Notes - Gentrification, Liberty Village, Quebec French

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Sally Turner

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Oct. 1 , 2012
Lecture 4: Urban Canada
Canada: Urban Nation
- Focus on density of population and less on how many ppl are living there
- Understanding urban poor
- Farming (primary resource) got Toronto started
- Fur trade for Montreal
- Self-perpetuating city: (chicken or the egg) jobs first that attracted ppl or ppl that attracted
- Positive feedback loop of employers and people attracted to a city
Canada’s 10 Largest Cities
- Toronto
- Montreal
- Vancouver is smaller b/c it is on the West coast (diff geographically)
Map of Canada
- Toronto located by Southern border
- Northern Territories are less inviting to live in
- Makes more sense to live close to business (with states)
Ecumene Map
- Inhabited = majority of population resides, not that there is “uninhabited”
- Numbered red circles = periphery??
TB 136 Map
- Core: where we live; great lakes, st. Lawrence lowlands, Kitchener; economic roots = exploiting
natural resources
- Secondary: play smaller role than cities @ the core; population is smaller; developing cities
- Sparse: resource towns we spoke about in L3
- Almost uninhabited: rest of the country; due to geography
Canadian Cities: Evolution
- Early Canadian City
- Service centres for communities engaged in fur trade
- Halifax = service centre for East Coast
- A way in/out for services and goods
- Set up as trading post
- Function was to communicate to the surrounding communities
- Strong connection with England and France
- QC, Montreal, Halifax, St. Johns all on water
Colonial Trading Posts Map
- Montreal (bolded) was a colonial trading post
Quebec City
- Why do we see such a dense downtown core?
- Early urban form (how it looks, how you get around, the buildings you see there how they are
set up)
- Process incoming goods and outgoing goods
2. The Commercial City
- 1800: our economic ties to colonial powers became less selective?
- Began to look inwards rather than export to the colonies
- Commercial interests over colonial interests
- Interested in promoting sale within to other cities
- Real value in natural resources is after you process them
- Natural resources gain value along every step of processing
- Ppl began to work with natural resources in a meaningful way more artisanal products
- beginnings of industrialization
King Street East
- Moving from rural to urban areas
- Near Sherbourne St. and King St. East
- Ppl are manufacturing products and selling to ppl in the city
- Mixed land uses ppl selling goods/ areas, residential, industrial
- Compact because ppl relied on walking around (requires close proximity)
- Mix of rich and poor
- Ppl of all diff classes lving on top of each other because city is so compact
3. The Industrial City
- Mass immigration to West
- Allowed companies to take advantage of mail-market
- Allowed industrial corporation development
- Pull: encourage someone to move to a new location
o Cities have more jobs
- Push: discourage ppl from industrial communities
o Mechanization
Urban Form
- First, city becomes more dense (height of buildings)
- Density = # ppl/ square foot
- Buildings taller technology
- Suburbanization
o Streetcars
o Ppl could live further from core, more spacious
Streetcar Pic
- City becomes more of a place for ppl to work and shop, not live
4. The Corporate City
- moves on from industrialization of large cities
- Eatons
- These corporations begin to drive urban development
- Increase jobs, increases population
- Increased access to cars live farther out
- Land uses
o See poor
o Residential
Corporate City Suburbs: Toronto
- Don Mills was a suburb
- Etobicoke, North York, York, = were on urban fringe (edge of urban development, close to rural)
- Dense dt cores and dispersed suburbs b/c core developed first
Corporate Cities: High-rises
- Most of inner suburbs in Toronto today, you’ll find older rental apartments now used for
housing for new immigrants b/c cheaper
- Used to be located on urban fringe, home to ppl who worked in core
5. Post-Urbanization
- urbanization: dense urban form
- post urbanization = after we see dense form develop, lower density residential areas form
- vaughan, markham, peel region
- 1970s onwards, particularly 1980s
- Beyond urban fringe
- Single family housing,
- Residential areas very segregated from industrial land uses
- Requires car use b/c so far away
Inner& Outer Suburbs
- Inner suburbs
o Smaller in scale
- Outer suburbs
o Larger scale
o Large corporate developers
o Big distance
o Transportation difficult
Inner Suburbs: ALderwood
- Don’t need to rmb
- Large backyard
- Increasing density of thee places
- Particularly dt core
- Redeveloped into condo developments
Outer Suburbs: Vaughan
- Hwy 7 and Hwy 400
- Houses look a lot bigger but the lot size is smaller than inner suburb
Case Studies: Canadian Cities
- Ontario