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Lecture 9

GGR246H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Pierre Trudeau, Official Language, Charlottetown Accord


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR246H1
Professor
Sally Turner
Lecture
9

Page:
of 24
19/11/2012
1
French Canada as a ‘unique’ society
1
Jacques Cartier: 1534
2
3
Start from 13 mins.
Missed 1st page.
- they joined Confederation to have an equal power and
they did have a shot at it.
- waned from 1960s onwards.
- J.C.: made 3 trips to Canada: start New France a solid
start. He sets up a fort that later became site of QC. He
discovered natural resources, mineral wealth in the C.S.,
documented forests for lumber, and documented the
agricultural land, the first available beaver welt and also
the whaling resources. That was the main thing Canada
had to offer for Jacques Cartier.
- F.C. changed the way Native Canadians live due to the
early fur trade. Fur trade drove their colonial interests
and when settlement started, it really drove their
colonial economy. Fur trade drove the early colonial
trading post for F.C.
19/11/2012
2
La Nouvelle France: 1608-1760
Quebec City: 1608
Samuel de Champlain
4
New France in 1645 5
Forests
Farming
Physiographic Advantages
6
QC based on the fort J.C. built.
Quebec City was founded by Samuel de champlain. It
started out as a trading post to ship resources from
Canada over to France.
b/c of natural resources, became very popular with
French colonialists. Then spread from initial landing to ?
French Colonial Interests stretching up GLSL.
In 1645, French has greater colonial interest in North
America than the English.
18 mins
- forests which provide lumber, shelter for beavers (turn
into beaver pelts), fertile agricultural lands and mineral
wealth.
19/11/2012
3
Locational Advantages
Fur
Whales
Trade Route
7
Seigneurial System
8
9
- very valuable trading route.
- focused around waterways as a way to move natural
resources from these new found cities and settlements out back
to the Old world.
colonial trading post--> commercial.
- greater economic developments.
Seigneurial System:
- way of settling the land and also a method of social
organization.
- was taken from traditional land ownership system in
France at that time. It's from the feudal system- landlord
was granted that land by the king or any other part of the
ruling system. They don't necessarily purchase the land.
They manage the land and rent to peasants, who farm that
land, and pay either in crops or money to the landlords.
- Seigneurial System: narrow strip of land that they
divided it out.
- each of the land is for the wealthy landowners.
- did this b/c created social order: created authority by the
ruling class over the poor peasants they brought from
France.