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Lecture 11

Lecture 11-March26

2 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR252H1
Professor
Herbert Kronzucker

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Lecture 11: March 26
Ethnic groups like to cluster because of internal and external processes.
x Internal (voluntary) ± because it is comfortable there. (food, people, etc.)
x External (involuntary) ± because it is uncomfortable.
Any cluster pattern is a product of internal and external processes.
Fig. 9.5: Jewish Population of Leeds, England.
x There is a dispersion of the cluster but cluster is linear (The dispersion follows a pattern)
x For Jewish people, need to look at ethnic origin.
Table 11.4: Lifestyles from Census Data
x Magazines are important because they contain advertisements.
Table 11.5: Canadian lifestyles.
7. Consumer Behaviour
Awareness Space: our perception
Activity space ± if we actually went there. (mobility)
Eg. Jane DQG)LQFK,ZRXOGKDYHDQDZDUHQHVVEHFDXVH,YHQHYHUEHHQWKHUHEXWKDYHDSHUFHSWLRQ
RILW3DFLILF0DOOLVDQDFWLYLW\VSDFHEHFDXVH,YHEHHQWKHUH
Mobility has increased our activity space.
(I)YOPHS (Immigrants Young Old Poor Housewives Sick) ± immobile subgroups of a population.
Generally females are less mobiles because:
x More responsibilities at short distances.
x Most of employment at downtown so take public transportation.
x Safety: much less safe especially at night.
Retail Supply
1. The Major Actors:
x Independents: less than 3 stores (but mostly only one)
x Retailing chains/franchises
x Shopping centre developers
x Government agencies
x Planners
2. The diversity of retail classifications and retail structure
A simple classification system.
3. Retail concentration :
x In the urban systems: population head offices.
x In retail chains
x In shopping centres.
x Current trends of change
4. The Retail Chain:
x Large and few
x Advantages and disadvantages compared to independents.
x Inflexible? Mega-chains compared to franchises.
5. Shopping centre.
x Developers and retail chains.
x Large and few.
x Shopping centre design.
6. Power centres: the way of the future?
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Description
Lecture 11: March 26 Ethnic groups like to cluster because of internal and external processes. N Internal (voluntary) because it is comfortable there. (food, people, etc.) N External (involuntary) because it is uncomfortable. Any cluster pattern is a product of internal and external processes. Fig. 9.5: Jewish Population of Leeds, England. N There is a dispersion of the cluster but cluster is linear (The dispersion follows a pattern) N For Jewish people, need to look at ethnic origin. Table 11.4: Lifestyles from Census Data N Magazines are important because they contain advertisements. Table 11.5: Canadian lifestyles. 7. Consumer Behaviour Awareness Space: our perception Activity space if we actually went there. (mobility) Eg. Jane ,3L3.K,Z4:OK,;0,3,Z,703088-0.,:80,;030;07-0039K070-:9K,;0,507.059L43 41L9 !,.L1L.,OOL8,3,.9L;L985,.0-0.,:80,;0-0039K070 Mobility has increased our activity space. (I)YOPHS (Immigrants Young Old Poor Housewives Sick) immobile subgroups of a population. Generally females are less mobiles because
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