GGR254H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: David Meyer, Multinational Corporation, Edge City

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Published on 2 Feb 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Geography
Course
GGR254H1
Professor
Lecture #4 - Resource economy: Mining, the Mesabi Range and the West
The National Economy and Mining
- David Meyer: America formed along regional lines - he argues that increasing
economic-spatial specialization of national economy drives America's rise to industrial
supremacy
- He emphasized transportation and communication, the telegraph, railroads, they
reduce the prices, increase the speed of movement of ideas and goods
National Economy and Mining: 1. Physical geography
- Physical character of the USA shapes economic development
- Different sectors of the US are specialized in different minerals
National Economy and Mining: 2. Integrative
- Oil is mostly found in the south near Texas and Louisiana
- Oil is integrated through pipelines, to supply the rest of the country for consumer and
economic oil
National Economy and Mining: 3. Regional complex formation
- In Texas, for example, oil production
(a) is a mix of urban and rural production-financial nodes
(b) links the region to the rest of the US
- You have settlements and transportation around oil deposits
- People move to large cities such as Houston and Dallas to service these deposits
National Economy and Mining: 4. Landscapes
- Mineral extraction is responsible for the creation of varied landscapes
- Being an oil town is much different than being an auto town like Detroit
- Creates differing landscapes
National Economy and Mining: 5. Dependency
- The cities are dependent on the mineral, this is a problem if it runs out
- Resource centres are vulnerable to fluctuations in the demand and accessibility of the
product, which has long term negative impacts
- Also dependent on the price of extracting the product -- the global market could control
this
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Case Study: Mesabi Range
- Extraction and manufacture of iron ore central to America's industrialization
- Central area to the rise of America as an economic superpower
- South of Ontario, North of Minnesota
- Major deposit in the US
- One of 4 ranges in N. Minnesota
- 110 by 3 miles
- A stratified formation running east-west
- Markets: supplied the steel mills all over eastern US
- Important between 1890s and 1950s (for skyscrapers, etc…)
- It created specific landscapes:
- Mining - open pit
- Urban - dependent towns
- Infrastructure - railroads, etc…
- Hibbing, MN: built around the extraction and distribution of iron ore to the
manufacturing belt's blast furnaces
- Iron ore from Mesabi fed the steels mills of the Manufacturing belt
- Iron ore was part of the construction of work and living spaces
- Such as the steel producing districts of Chicago, far from the iron ore mines
Mining and the West
- Part of regional specialization, copper, gold, silver were key (gold boosted the growth
of California)
- The west became a resource hinterland to the manufacturing belt
- "The great warehouse of raw materials"
- The region supplies the Atlantic-based industrial system
The West: The frontier
- Directly linked to the rise of agriculture, ranching, and mining
- Growing population builds up western states
- From 1850 to 1920, percentage of overall population goes from 0.7% to 6.7% of total
US
The West: Investment and the government open up the frontier
- Capital is driving this
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Document Summary

Lecture #4 - resource economy: mining, the mesabi range and the west. David meyer: america formed along regional lines - he argues that increasing economic-spatial specialization of national economy drives america"s rise to industrial supremacy. He emphasized transportation and communication, the telegraph, railroads, they reduce the prices, increase the speed of movement of ideas and goods. Physical character of the usa shapes economic development. Different sectors of the us are specialized in different minerals. Oil is mostly found in the south near texas and louisiana. Oil is integrated through pipelines, to supply the rest of the country for consumer and economic oil. In texas, for example, oil production (a) is a mix of urban and rural production-financial nodes (b) links the region to the rest of the us. You have settlements and transportation around oil deposits. People move to large cities such as houston and dallas to service these deposits. Mineral extraction is responsible for the creation of varied landscapes.

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