GGR254H1 Lecture Notes - Deindustrialization

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Published on 14 Apr 2014
Part 1: The Rise of the Manufacturing Belt
Lecture Feb 6/2013
Manufacturing belt was the main place of industrialization in the world in the
early 1900s
Question: What is the manufacturing belt? How did it develop? What is its
Paterson NJ:
30 miles west of NYC
Founded in 1792, because there were waterfalls there, and they could be used for
oUsed to drive textile mills (silk)
Had over 100,000 people
Producing steel, locomotives, etc.
Very much a typical industrial place
Developed in response to increasing demand of Americans from places outside
of the US
oExported lots of their products worldwide
Has industry, urban based manufacturing
Large immigrant population
oItalians and Eastern European population
oWhere the rich live separate from the working class
oDifferent ethnic groups live in different parts of the city
What is the manufacturing belt?
14,000 miles in length, 300 miles in width
Occupies 3% of Americas territory
In 1919 manufacturing belt had 50% of population, but 73% of manufacturing
Large ports, railroad concentration, where everything comes together and
Develops by 1850s a new structure to everyday life
oA world in which the factory and the world around it dominates the lives
of the everyday American
oShapes industrial and economic growth of the united states
oPowerfully integrated system
There is an economic system centered on a diverse and complex
urban system
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Urbanization and industrialization went hand in hand
What we see developing was developing in the manufacturing
Clear overlap between most of the large cities of the US and the
industrial manufacturing belt
While industry is the drive: it also has a significant agricultural component
oCentered on important agricultural growth (since the “frontier”)
oSeveral key elements to the ‘Corn Belt
The center of corn production
A highly important and mechanized- extremely linked to
Agriculture was industrial, modern, outside of cities- but
linked to cities
Manufacturing belt wouldn’t have been possible without
this relationship with the agricultural system
Urban-Rural interaction
Similarly, there is a relationship found with the areas lumbar and
mineral sources
Diverse and changing population:
oRural to urban migration
oImmigration to the cities
Growth Dynamics:
Center of industrial investment
oNew forms of capital formation and accumulation
oKey players are industrialists and financiers
What we see taking place is this shift to industrial capital
Drives American economy and shapes American urban life and
The key to this industrial-urban complex is agriculture
Agricultural industrialization:
Increased inputs and linkages, corporate control and
external dependence
oIndustrial-mineral-forest linkages
Exploitation of the areas lumber and mineral resources
oInteraction across urban space
Cities are not independent from each other
Dependent on the flows of goods, people, capital, ideas,
There is an urban hierarchy
By 1930, the population of urban centers (urban population map)
oRole of the state (government)
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