GGR254 Lecture April 3.docx

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Published on 14 Apr 2014
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Themes and Exam
1. The long-term integration of the USA into the global economy and the
international political arena both drives and shapes its development
a. Historical implications
i. Economic growth
ii. Urban growth
iii. Little colonial settlement slowly developed and grew through then
incorporation of native land
iv. This is predicated on linkages outside of the US
1. A colony of Britain
2. Depended on immigration (Europe, etc.)
v. These geopolitical, economic dynamics outside of the US has shaped
what has gone on within the US
2. Changing regional and urban geographies have shaped American economic,
social and political development
a. Sun belt
b. Manufacturing belt
c. How the rise of the manufacturing belt was predicated on what happened
somewhere else
d. Rise of manufacturing was done at the expense at what was happening in
the American south and the American west
e. Rise of sun belt was done at the expense of what was the manufacturing belt
3. The USA has experienced massive growth and acquired unprecedented power,
but at great social and economic risk
a. Questions around urban poverty
b. Racial segregation or class segregation
i. Not coincidental or incidental to the way in which the US economic and
political system has been created
ii. Capitalism creates these economic-political social divides
iii. Manifested in the geographies of the US
4. Public and Private agents have played a critical and defining role in the creation
of national, regional and urban geographies
a. How specific agents have been critical plays in the defining of the
geographies of the US
i. Three key actors:
1. Federal government
a. Government plays a key part in defining the geographies of
the US
i. Federal land policy
1. Getting the land that is now the US
ii. How the policies of housing, mortgages, transportation
created post WWII suburbanization
2. Corporations
a. Rise of the large corporations
i. Become the key economic player
ii. Small # of large and powerful corporations shape the
economic and political destiny of the US
b. This is linked to deindustrialization of the Manufacturing
3. Real Estate Industry and White homeowners
a. Been key in shaping political and economic segregation
5. Americas social, economic and political divides and relationships are embedded
in urban spaces
Tuesday April 23 2-4
1. Section A: Definitions
a. Must answer 8 out of 10
b. =40%
c. One paragraph talking about what it is and what its geographical
significance is
2. Section B: Essay
a. Answer one out of two
b. =30%
c. Deals with first half of class
3. Section C: Essay
a. Answer one out of two
b. =30%
c. Deals with second half of class
All class lectures and all readings will be covered in the exam
Past Exam Questions (Definitions):
1. Golden Crescent
2. Post-Industrial Economy
3. Monticello
Past Exam Essay Questions
1. According to Steve High, “a high-technology complex… revolutionized the
industrial geography of the United States” after WWII. Discuss this with
references to the fortunes of the Manufacturing Belt and the South since 1960
a. What is highs basic argument? How can this be used to answer the exam
b. Provide examples
2. According to Stepick and Grenier, “Miami’s Cuban community appears to be the
antithesis of Wilsons model of a permanent underclass.” What do they mean by
this? What are the specific geographical outcomes?